45 terms


total power to state, dictatorship thru political party, no first amendment rights
tools of totalitarianism
propaganda thru new technology and mass communication, censorship, indoctrination
teaching someone to accept an idea or principle without question
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
fascist leader of Italy in 1919, got support from promising to suppress strikes and communism.
march on rome
King Victor Emmanuel III makes Mussolini prime minister
totalitarianism politician, proposed 5 year plan, collectivization of agriculture, "liquidated" kulaks
5 year plans
rapid transformation from ag to industrial nation, focus on heavy industry, lowered wages, bad for kulaks
great Terror
Stalin's dictatorship becomes reign of terror, purges all enemies (real and imagined)
How Hitler rises to power
fought WWI; joined German Workers Party; sent to jail and wrote Mein Kampf; germ was in econ depression and he spoke of greatness; enabling law
Mein Kampf
=my struggle; spells out Nazi doctrine
Main ideas of Mein Kampf
Germ should be ruled by single party with a leader; they should rearm and address injustices of versailles; conquer slavic people to gain land; Arayan race; condemned jews
living space; all the land they would gain from taking over the Slavic people
Why people supported Hitler
Germ was in an economic depression; he spoke of greatness form humiliation; blamed jews for everything; good public speaker
Reichstag Fire
justified getting rid of communists
The enabling law of 1933
allowed Hitler to pass any law he wants
Nueremberg laws
Anyone with 3-4 Jewish grandparents is jewish
Causes of WWII
Treaty of versailles; hitler's foreign policy goals
treaty of versailles
angered and humiliated Germ; didn't significantly shrink germ; League of nations had no power controlling totalitarian regimes
Hitler's foreign policy goals
create an empire; kill inferior races
policy of Appeasement
settling international disputes by settling grievances thru negotiation and compromise; based on belief that the unhappy nation would then be happy and peaceful; policy of Prime Minister Neville Chamverlain
Path to war
annexation of austria; munich conference; march into prague taking over the czechs; invasion of poland
Nazi-Soviet non aggression pact
Soviet union gets east poland and balkans
Hitler invades Poland
1939 makes England and France declare war
Major Players of WWII
Allies: GB, US, Russia, France
Axis Powers: Italy, Germany, Japan
Reich Citizenship Law
Jewish people are "subjects" not citizens and have no rights
Nazi Anti-semetic Legislation 1938
identification laws to make names more Jewish; carry ID cards and passport stamped with a "J"; jewish children banned from state-run schools
Cold War
global standoff; starts the arms race; no direct fighting
Reasons for Cold War
different ideologies; capitalism vs communism; democracy vs dictatorship; freedom vs state controls
iron curtain
symbolic boundary deciding Europe into 2 camps
Satellite States
Soviets, Poland, bulgaria, hungary, romania, czech; followed stalin's policies
post war US goals
promote democracy; gain acces to raw materials; rebuild European gvts
post war USSR goals
spread gvt; control Eastern Europe as a buffer to counter power of US; keep Germ divided and weak
Truman doctrine
$400 mil to Greece and Turks
Marshall Plan
economic recovery program; USSR called it economic imperialism
Berlin Blockade
Germany divided into 4 sections to be ruled by GB, US, French, Russia; berlin also divided; Stalin was unhappy
north atlantic treaty organization
Three pillars
economic unity; common and foreign security policy; police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters
Four freedoms of European Union
free movement of: goods, capital, services, persons
Reform in Soviet Union
Gorbachev rises to power and wants to reform communism
Gorbachev's reforms
arms limitation; allowed greater autonomy for satellite states; not sending in troops
restructuring; local decision making; starting to move toward a market economy
openness; permit of open discussion of problems; chernobyl disaster
chernobyl disaster
1986 Nuclear powerplant accident
resistance union that became a political party in Poland