5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Barron v Baltimore (1833)
- Engel v. Vitale
- U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton
- Texas v. Johnson (1989)
- Washington v. Davis
- a Invalidated the Congressional term limit provision of 23 states.
- b Flag-burning is symbolic speech with a political purpose and is protected by 1st Amendment.
- c Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public schools by virtue of 1st Amendment's establishment clause and the 14th Amendment's due process clause; Warren Court's judicial activism.
- d The guarantee in the 5th Amendment that private property shall not be taken "for public use, without just compensation" is not applicable to state governments as well as the federal government.
- e a United States Supreme Court case regarding the application of the Due Process Clause.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1803 established the principle of judicial review
- a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
- A United States Supreme Court decision which held that parts of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 were unconstitutional because they exceeded congressional power under the Commerce Clause and under section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
- 1954 case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.
- 1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
5 True/False questions
McCulloch v. Maryland → 1819--The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the United States; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the United States.
Plessy v. Ferguson → Created the "good faith" exemption to the exclusionary rule.
Gitlow v. New York (1925) → Anarchist calling for overthrow of the government. Established precedent of federalizing Bill of Rights (applying them to States); States cannot deny freedom of speech - protected through due process clause of Amendment 14
Citizens United v. FEC → held that the First Amendment prohibited the government from restricting independent political expenditures by corporations and unions.
Adarand v. Pena → held that racial classifications, imposed by the federal government, must be analyzed under a standard of "strict scrutiny," the most stringent level of review which requires that racial classifications be narrowly tailored to further compelling governmental interests.