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11 terms

Musc Final Unit 5 Brazil

STUDY
PLAY
Capoeira was developed in maroon communities, like what we learned in what country?
Jamaica
Who brought carnaval to New World? Is it sacred or secular? What did celebration involve?
Portuguese; Sacred b/c pre-Lenten celebration; Parade including military bands & marching string and wind
orchestras
Blacks & mulatos allowed to participate in carnaval after what historical event?
Abolition (1888)
Samba schools have ___ (few or many) members & work all year long on ____.
Many; Carnaval (parade)
What type of instruments would you see in samba parade during carnaval? What is percussion section called?
Cavaquinho (ukulele), guitars, & percussion ensemble ( surdo, caixa, cuíca); Batería
What did it mean to Luisiana in documentary to participate in carnaval? What cultures are reflected & represented during carnaval?
National identity, pride, religious act; Afro-Brazilian & Portuguese
How did Samba become popular in U.S? (2 examples)
Carmen Miranda- "Tico-Tico" (1947, Ary Barroso); Disney's
Saludos Amigos (1942)- "Aquarela do Brasil"
How is bossa nova different than samba? Derived from which continent's song traditions? Similar to what guitar-based styles?
Cool, slow, romantic; European; Son
What socioeconomic/ racial demographic tended to be most involved in bossa nova? What do lyrics tend to be about? Why does lyrical context make sense given socio-economic demographic?
White, middle class; Romance; During 1950s-1960s(prosperous times)
What international genre were bossa nova musicians & composers influenced by? How did this come full circle in 1960s?
Jazz; Influenced U.S. jazz artists to create jazz samba
Tom (Antonio) Jobim (___, ___), João Gilberto
(___), Astrud Gilberto (___), Stan Getz (___)
Piano, composer; Guitar; Vocals; Sax