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Terms in this set (62)
best example of an absolute king; France
also known as the "Sun King". Lived in Versailles
Austria; Vienna became a center of the arts, helped the peasants, and took land from Poland
Dutch Republic/ The Netherlands
built a vast economic empire with no centralized monarchy; merchants developed stock and banking system
exception to this time period of absolutism; tried to limit the power of the monarchy
Under his rule an English Civil broke out
ruled after Charles I was executed; led Parliament's forces during English Civil War; Charles II ruled after his death
1688, William and Mary agreed to sign the Bill of Rights and James II fled England
James was chosen to rule in England
reason England invited William and Mary to rule
Parliament was given more power, and government was more accountable to the people...also eventually the American War for Independence
What were some of the Results of England's move away from absolutism?
English Bill of Rights
document that gave the English certain rights that a king could not take away
Age of Reason
17th and 18th century; period based on learning to think clearly and logically
developed a vaccine for smallpox
period that was characterized by political and social changes and the undermining of Christianity in Europe
belief that the best way to find true knowledge was through experience rather than through human reason; observation
Fredrick the Great
Ruler of Prussia, modernized it and made St. Petersburg the capital
truth based on reason
best way to truth was through experience not human reason (empiricism)
society free from religion
Sir Issac Newton
Stated the laws of gravity and motion
The English legislative body
A ruler who held complete or absolute power over the king.
Found the circumference of the earth and made the lines of latitude and longitude.
taught every illness has a cause; wrote the Hippocratic Oath; Father of Medicine
said the earth revolves around the sun
studied the stars predicted Halley's comet; predicted orbits of comets
Father of modern chemistry; named oxygen and hydrogen
truth is through human reason; rationalism
knowledge through experience; empiricism
society free from religion; secularism
Louis XIV was the most successful absolute monarch
Who was the most successful of the absolute monarchs?
Netherlands/Dutch Republic was a nation that built an economic empire without a centralized monarchy.
What nation built an economic empire without a centralized monarchy?
Oliver Cromwell led Parliament's force during the English civil war.
Who led Parliament's forces during the English Civil War?
The birth of James II's son resulted in the Revolution of 1688
What event resulted in the Revolution of 1688 in England?
The English people were better represented with a cabinet system of government.
How did the cabinet system of government benefit the English people?
The English Bill of Rights influenced the colonists by giving them reasoning to resist the abuses of the king and that the government should listen to the needs of the people.
How did the English Bill of Rights influence the American colonies?
Hippocrates was the father of medicine and rejected the notion that disease was a punishment
Who was the father of Medicine and what did he reject?
Eratosthenes determined the circumference of the earth
Who determined the circumference of the earth?
Copernicus first declared that the earth revolves around the sun.
Who first declared that the earth revolves around the sun?
Edward Jenner developed the vaccine for smallpox.
Who developed a vaccine for smallpox?
The theory of a sun-center solar system created such an alarm because it appeared to contradict the Bible and threatened man's position as the center of the universe.
Why did the theory of a sun centered solar system create such alarm?
He concluded that everything philosophical could be debated and man can even be deceived by what he observes through his senses and through experiments.
What did Descartes conclude about the philosophy he had studied as a student?
Mathematics lead to certainty.
According to Descartes, what leads to certainty?
Human reason provides a path to truth.
Rationalism teaches that _________ ________ provides a path to truth.
John Locke rejected rationalism in favor of __________ ?
Spinoza argued for the ___________ of all ideas.
They feared it would be unjust and evil. They brought them down and made them look bad. They also made false pretenses against them.
Why were Christians suspicious of secular pleas for government that was not influenced by religion?
King of France
Father of Geometry
Optics and Astronomy
William and Mary
English Bill of Rights
set limits on royal power
Reason is the source of knowledge
Demands that religion be excluded
Experience is the source of knowledge
Human body is made of chemicals
Studied human anatomy
Sir William Herschel
Built a large telescope
Catherine the Great
Ruler of Russia
who have been ruled by kings of German descent
King James II
Who was a strong supporter of the Roman church