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50 terms

Nutrition Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
What substances in fruits and vegetables provide significant health benefits such as reducing the risk of cancer
Photochemicals
the essential nutrients
cannot be made by the body and therefore must be consumed to maintain health
The food and nutrition board of the national academy of science advocates that 10% to 35% of calories come from protein and _________ from carbohydrates
45-65%
fibers belong to the class of nutrients known as
carbohydrates
which of the following is a characteristic of a lipids
supplies a concentrated form of fuel for the body
A kcalorie is a measure
heat energy
a serving of bleu cheese dressing containing 23 grams of fat would yield _________ kcalories
207
A meal consisting of a cheeseburger , large fries, and a chocolate shake provides a total of 1,120 kcalories, of which 48% of the energy is from carbohydrate and 13 % from protein. How many kcalories of fat does this meal contain
437
A large hamburger (ex:whopper) sandwhich contains 628 kcalories and 36 grams of fat. Approximately what percent of the total energy is contributed by fat.
52%
which of the following should be limited in the diet because of its effect on blood cholestrol
saturated fats
which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not digested in the stomach or small intestines
essential fat
In chemistry terms, which of the following most accurately describes the term organic
substances containing carbon
A tri athlete wants to eat a healthy, balanced diet, which principles should she follow to make sure she is eating a balanced diet
consume a variety of food from my plate's 5 major food groups everyday
measurements of height, weight, body circumference, and body fat are called
anthropometry
The RDA's for nutrients are generally
designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people
Adequate Intakes ( AI)
are established for nutrients for which their is not enough information to set a RDA
You pick up a box of cereal in the supermarket. The label tells you that a 1-cup serving provides 25% of the
daily value
EER refers to
estimated calorie needs for the average person of a specific height, weight, age, gender, and physical activity pattern
which of the following is true about Dietary Guidelines
Balance is one of the keys to the plan
A high energy dense food can be described as
A food with a high kcalorie content but a low nutrient content
The dietary guide line recommends which of the following
make 1/2 your plate with fruits and vegetables
Jeff visits a registered dietitian to obtain nutrition advice . During his visit , Jeff is asked to recall what he ate for the past 24 hours. WHich part of a nutritional assessment is this
diet history
Mrs. Mitchell was hospitalized after being found unconscious in her home. A registered dietitian conducted a nutritional assessment noting the general appearance of Mrs. Mitchell's skin, eyes, and tongue
clinical examination
Kate consumes 1,900 kcalories each day. SHe requires 1,750 kcalories to meet daily energy needs. Over time Kate's caloric consumption can lead to
over-nutrition
When looking at the ingredients label of a bottle of spaghetti sauce you see that olive is the second ingredient. This means that olive oil is
the second most abundant ingredient by weight
A nutrition label must be present on the product if
A claim is made about the health benefits of a specific nutrient
In order to make healthful and logical nutrition decisions be aware of
A) testimonial about personal experiences
B) promise of dramatic results
what structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow
epiglottis
after digestion and absorption , which circulatory system carries fat and fat soluble vitamins
lymphatic
where does digestion begin
mouth
The stomach empties into the small intestines through the
pyloric sphincter
What sphincter separates the small intestine from the large intestines
illeocecal
Which of the following is a description of chyme
a watery mixture of partially digested food released by the stomach into the intestines
What is the function of the mucus in the stomach
protects stomach cells from gastric juices
Which of the following is a function of a sphincter muscle
controls passage of food through the GI Tract
which of the following meals would leave the stomach last
sausage, egg, cheese, biscuit, and coffee
What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture making fat more available to digestive enzymes
bile
where are most digestive enzymes produced
pancreas and small intestines
which of the following body organs produce bile
liver
peristalsis refers to
muscular movement of materials through the GI tract
These protein based substances enhance digestion by making chemical reactions more likely to happen
enzymes
excessive acid production in the stomach or upper small intestine could result in
an ulcer
absorption of nutrients by intestinal cells occurs by all the following mechanisms except
sustained absorption
partially digested food that enters the small intestine from the stomach is called
chyme
the most active area for the absorption of nutrients into the body is the
small intestine
The villi of the small intestine
provides an enormous surface area that facilitates absorption
in passive absorption nutrients enter the cell
from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration
A recurrent and more serious for of heartburn, also known as acid reflux is called
Gasttroesophageal refluxdisease
a function of the large intestines is to absorb
water and minerals
constipation can be best prevented by
eating dietary fiber