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History Chapters 1-4

Terms in this set (62)

16,000 men and women came to the Puritan colony. People came from all over, with different cultures, skills, and with a balanced sex ratio. They had clean water, healthy climate, and reduction in long distance migration. They established everything by the formation of God. Believing they lived by the Scripture, to reform the Church, create a Old Testament, giving them peace and prosperity.

They created Congregationalism.

Each person had to provide testimony (confession of faith) a demanding process. This allowed them to sacraments, choosing ministers, and questions towards theology. Africans could not vote for ministers, but still could be members of the Congregational Church.

They allowed businesses to be set up by the joint-stock company.

John Winthrop pushed for freeman, which allowed 40% in 1640 males to vote. They voted for a governor, magistrates (court of assistants), and deputies who represented the interests of the town.

The colony made good deal of money from selling shares in village lands. Villagers had to pay taxes, ministers salary, and serve in militia.

1648, Laws and Liberties which explained that ordinary colonist their rights and responsibilities as a citizen of the commonwealth. This endangered public trust in government and discouraged magistrates from their exercise of authority.

William preached extreme separatism of the Bay colonist if they were nominal members of the Church of England. He was banned by the Magistrates from the colony even after they tried to compromise. He finished his province in Rhode Island.

Anne Hutchison was another threat to Mass Bay finding her religious ideas as Antinomianism (confusing), preaching that all but 2 ministers lost touch with the Holy Spirit. She couldn't be tested by the Scripture and said she couldn't live without Moral Law which caused her exile and any followers to Rhode Island.
Growth of agriculture which was able to provide for their families and to sell their crops in Europeans and West Indian markets. They also produced more tobacco, wheat, and rice.

Navigation Act was still in effect causing exports to flow through Great Britain.

Sugar Act was enacted placing a heavy duty on molasses imported from foreign ports.

Hat and Felt Act and the Iron Act of 1750 attempted to limit the production of colonial goods that competed with British exports.

Crown officials generally ignored the new laws.

Colonial exports out of Boston, Newport, and Philadelphia carried substantial tonnage to the West Indies.

West Indies played a vital role in preserving American credit in Europe. Colonist wouldn't been able to pay for the manufactured items they purchased from the mother country. They exported American products with great quality to Great Britain but the value equaled the cost of British goods shipped back to the colonist.

English goods were being bought more by the Americans (consumer revolution) causing a dramatic increase in British production. People payed for their goods through British credit, by agreeing to pay interests on their debts.

Southern planters in the 18th century increased their tobacco and rice exchange for meat and wheat from Great Britain.

Trading shifted American culture by eroding local and regional identities and exposing them to a common range of British goods. It also brought colonist from the overland trade into more frequent contact. They exchanged ideas and experiences on a more regular basis.