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Immunology- Exam 1 for Dr. Zhang
Terms in this set (28)
Leukocytes and tissue cells work together in two ways to prevent disease
Phagocytosis & destroy or inactivate the invader
Leukocytes formed partially in the ______________ and __________.
-Bone marrow (granulocytes and monocytes and a few lymphocytes)
-Lymph tissue (lymphocytes and plasma cells)
Six types of White Blood Cells
Total white blood cells
7000/ per microliter or per cubic millimeter of blood (in adult)
Concentrations of the different WBC's in the blood: -Neutrophils
There are ___________platelets in each microliter of blood.
__________ have a multilobed nucleus and a granulated cytoplasm. They stain with both _____ and _____ dyes.
-Acid and Basic
__________ have a bilobed nucleus and a granulated cytoplasm.They stain with the ______ dye __________.
-Acid; Eosin red
_________ have a lobed nucleus and heavily granulated cytoplasm. They stain with the _______ dye __________.
-Basic; Methylene blue
Multipotent cells in the bone marrow where leukocytes are produced and derived
Hematopoietic stem cell
Two major lineages of WBCs
The _______ and ________ are formed only in the bone marrow.
________ and __________ are produced mainly in the various lymphogenous tissue.
___________ survive 4-8 hours in the blood, 4-5 days in tissues; In serious tissue infection this total life span is often shortened to a few hours.
____________ survive 10-20 hours in the blood, once in the tissues, they swell to much larger size to become tissue macrophages, in this form, they can live for months
_________ survive weeks or months in the blood.
The ______ are mature cells that can attack and destroy bacteria even in the circulating blood
The tissue _________ begin life as immature blood monocytes. They swell once they enter the tissue as great as 60-80 micrometers, and then can fight infectious agents.
Neutrophils and Macrophages enter the tissue spaces by _________, move through the tissues by _________ and are attracted to inflamed tissue by ___________.
Chemotaxis depends on the ________ _______ of the chemotactic substance.
Phagocytes have three selective procedures of the material phagocytized:
-The surface of the tissue is rough
-No protective coats
The total combination of monocytes, mobile macrophages, fixed macrophages, and a few specialized endothelial cells in the bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes is called
The reticuloendothelial system is almost synonymous with the
Cells in connective tissues are called
Cells in the liver are called
Cells in the kidney are called
Cells in the brain are called
Cells in the bone are called
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