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149 terms

10th Grade Honors English Vocab

The entire vocabulary words.
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abdabs
nervous jittering
abject
utterly hopeless, miserable, wretched
abnegate
to refuse, refute, denay
absolution
forgiving a sin of wrong-doing
abstruse
difficult to comprehend, abstract
acerbic
sour, bitter, or acidic
acrimony
bitter or sharp in personality
adduce
to bring forward as evidence
aesthete
one who appreciates beauty, nature, and the arts
aglet
metal or plastice sheath
alacrity
cheerful readiness, or eagerness
ameliorate
to make better, to improve
amphigory
a nonsensical piece of writing
anachronism
something not in chronological order
anomaly
deviation from commmon type
bailiwick
area of knowledge; special domain
baleful
deadly
bavardage
prattle, chatter
beau geste
a gesture that looks good, but has little meaning
bel-esprit
witty or clever
bellwether
a leader
benighted
lacking enlightenment, or uninformed
bibelot
a small decorative trinket
biggin
perforated cap/cup
billet-doux
a love letter
bivouac
temporary military encampment
blandish
to convince using flattering words
blowsy
messy, unkempt, disheveled
bootless
useless, fruitless, no benefit
bumptious
overbearing or self-assured; obnoxious
cache
hidden treasure, or hiding place
cachinnate
to laugh out loud too hard
cadence
a balanced rhythmic flow or movement
cadre
group of people who train others
cajole
to coax or encourage repeatedly
calumny
a false statement designed to hurt someones reputation; slander
canorous
pleasant sounding or melodious
captious
critical or hard to please, find trivial faults
catharsis
the purging or release of emotions
celerity
speed or rapidity
chad
paper particles from poking paper holes
charlatan
person who claims skill or talent. which they do not have
chary
cautious, careful or weary
circumlocution
a roundabout way of saying something
circumscribe
to create limits or define boundaries
clanjamfry
a group of ordianry people; collective mob
clemency
mercy or forgivness and punishment is lifted
cosset
spoil or pamper
cozen
to trick or mislead
craven
someone in fear; characterized with fear/ or a coward
dactyl
finger, toe, digit
dearth
a scarce supply
deciduous
describes something that drops off after a period of time
declassé
low class in apperance, manner, taste
decorous
proper in behaviour
decry
to put down, belittle someone in speech or writing
defenestration
the act of throwing someone or something out of a window
dégagé
not emotionally involved; free or relaxed
demagogue
one who plays on the emotions of the population
demimondaine
a fallen woman
depredate
to plunder and pillage
deracinate
pull up by or as if by the roots
desultory
casually ranged
détente
a relaxation of tensions
detritus
debris, desintergration
diacritical
marked difference
dilatory
to delay, postpone, procrastinate
dilettante
dabbler in art
discreet
being careful, cautious, or secretive
disingenuous
not genuine
dissemble
to give false impression
dithyramb
wild, emotional, outpouring of speech, or writing
docent
a person who is a knowledgeable guide
draconian
severe, harsh, cruel, drastic
dulcet
pleasant, melodious
ectomorphic
skinny or lean
edacious
consuming, craving, or devouring
efficacious
efficient or effective
egregious
outstandingly bad
elephantine
lumbring, large, and clumsy
enervate
to take away energy, deplete
enigma
puzzling matter
ephemeral
something that lasts a short time
epigram
a witty remark that has wisdom
epiphany
a sudden realization of the meaning of an event
ergasiophobia
a fear of work, or stress associated
esprit de corps
a feeling of unification
exacerbate
to increase annoyance or irritation
expatiate
to expand upon something
fabulist
a liar, composer of fables
facetious
not serious
facinorous
describes a bad deed, wicked
fastuous
someone overbearingly snobby, pretentious
faux pas
social blunder
feral
animalistic
flout
to mock, show contempt
flubdub
poorly thought out arguement
flump
to drop with a heavy sound
foozle
to goof up something, manage clumsly
forte
strongest point
fortuitous
situation with great luck
fractious
irritable,whiny, quarrelsome
frisson
a shiver from thrill or fright
fulgent
very bright, shiny, radiant
gaffe
a social error, made by mistake
genre
a category, type, or class
germane
relevant or pertinent
genteel
refined or polite in manner
gerrymander
reorganization of electoral districts
gimmie caps
cheap baseball caps
glean
to gather or absorb information
googol
1 with 100 zeros, a big number
gossamer
a shear fabric
grammalogue
any sign/letter that signifies a word
gravitate
to be attracted to
gregarious
truly outgoing or friendly
griffin
mythical beast with a body of a lion, and head/wings of a eagle
grommet
metal reinforcement hole
gullible
easily deceived or tricked
halcyon
calm, tranquil, happy
harbinger
person or event that foreshadows arrival
havelock
the cloth covering for a cap, and the cloth covering your back
hedonist
one who is addicted to pleasurable things
hiatus
a break from routine
hirsute
hairy, shaggy, bristly
histrionic
overly dramatic, theatrical
hoary
grey-haired with age
homily
a moral lecture or sermon
hyperbole
intentionally exaggerated
hypocorism
baby-talk or pet names
heinous
vile or wicked
heresy
a crime that causes disbelief or unbelief
hapless
unfortunante
humility
humbleness, modesty, or weakness
iconography
pictorial or symbolic representation
ignoble
mean, of low character, lacking nobility
imminent
about to happen
implacable
someone not to easy to please, convince, or make happy
impunity
freedom from punishment
inchoate
not yet formed
ineffable
indescribable
infamous
fame is based on unsavory acts
ingenue
a naive young woman
ingenuous
naive and unworldly
iniquity
wickedness and injustice
innervate
to stimulate with nervous energy
inscrutable
mysterious or difficult to understand
irascible
easily annoyed
iterate
repeat over and over