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this country entered the twentieth century a greatly transformed country after the Meiji Period
took control of China after Sun Yat-sen's death; began to reunite China under a national government
fortifying this region was one task that remained before Hitler could actively begin building his empire
agreement between Germany and Japan, which was on the surface was against communist
(General Francisco) Franco
Fascist followers of ___________ revolted against Spain's republican government
meeting of Britain, France, and Germany where Hitler was given the region of Sudenteland
to increase their effectiveness against Hitler, Britain and France tried to reach a military agreement with the __ ____
Germany was greatly aided by these, individuals within a country who secretly aid enemy
(Charles) de Gaulle
leader of Free French movement who continued to wage war against the Axis powers
(General Erwin) Rommel
brilliant German commander who arrived in North Africa with specially trained German forces; "Desert Fox"
the blunder of the Battle of Britain was Hitler's underestimation of the ________ of the British people
Lend-Lease Act (1941)
authorized president to provide military supplies to any country whose security was important to the USA
signed by Churchill and FDR, set forth the "common principles" on which both countries were based on
because the _______ _______ were out on maneuvers, the US fleet was not totally destroyed in Pearl Harbor
(General Bernard L.) Montgomery
British commander at the Battle of El Alamein who defeated the Germans
(General Dwight D.) Eisenhower
led an American invasion force that landed on Algeria; shortly after that, the Axis troops in Africa surrendered
Churchill and FDR met here; declared only "unconditional surrender" of Axis would be acceptable
after the Teheran conference, the US and Britain began planning an invasion of France, known as this
Battle of Coral Sea (1942)
this battle prevented the Japanese from launching a full-scale invasion of Australia
Battle of Midway (1942)
after this battle, Japan was placed on the defensive for the rest of the war
American forces began an _______-______ campaign, recapturing strategic Japanese-held islands in the Pacific
American soldiers faced these charges while fighting the Japanese, named because of their battle cry
Iwo Jima, Okinawa
in 1945, American troops captured __ ______ and ________, two strategic Japanese islands
Battle of the Bulge (1944)
this battle wasted much of Germany's remaining strength and probably hastened the end of the war in Europe
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