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23 terms

micro

STUDY
PLAY
3 ways we uses bacteria beside food production
decomposes, clean oil spills, antibiotics
2 difference between viruses and bacteria
virus - smaller than cell, not considered living, need a host
bacteria - unicellular, can live by itself
describe the cellular structure of bacteria
cell wall, cell membrane, ribosomes, flagellum
give 2 examples of fungi
mushrooms, molds
explain the difference between antibiotics and vaccines
vaccines are to prevent the illness from happening
antibiotics are to treat the illness you have
define pathogen
bacteria that cause disease
explain advantages and disadvantages for asexual an sexual
asexual - fast reproduce with no mate, not adept because of exactness of parent.

sexual - can adept to things with change with a mate. slower because you have to find a mate.
name 3 foods produced using bacteria
cheese, yogurt, milk
describe 2 types of asexual reproduction
from getting cut and 2 parts grow
budding
give an example of how microorganisms(kinds of it) are helpful and harmful
helpful harmful
algae - put in items humans use damage ponds
protozoa - eat bad bacteria parasites to have humans ill
fungi -a source of food make food make and cause infections
bacteria - help in foods cause diseases
virus - put in vaccines causes illness
can name 3 diseases caused by viruses
influenza, hiv, smallpox.
define capsid
a protein coat for viruses
2 similarities between virus and bacteria
have a cell membrane and cause disease
name 2 cell organelles your cells have that bacterial cells don't
nucleus, ER
explain what lysis is
the process of bursting open the cell
compare sizes of human cells, viruses, and bacteria
sizes goes from smaller to bigger
virus - bacteria - human cells
name 5 kinds of microorganisms
fungi, algae, bacteria, protozoa, virus
explain the difference between a microorganism and a pathogen
pathogen can cause disease and microorganism can't
describe what flagella are
a long whipped like structure that helps a cell move
describe the process that viruses us to make copies(lytic cycle)
attach. inject, reproduce, assembly, release.
some go dormant after it enters the cell
name 4 diseases caused by bacteria
salmonella
sore throat
whooping cough
Lyme disease
can explain why viruses aren't considered to be alive
they can't reproduce on their own
what genetic material viruses have
dna OR rna