27 terms

U.S. History Ch. 13 Sec 4 / Ch. 14 Sec 1-2 Vocab

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Hemispheric Defense Zone
National policy during WWII that declared the Western Hemisphere to be neutral and that the United States would patrol this region against German submarines
Strategic Materials
Materails important for fighting war such as: weapons, ammunition, and food supplies
Revise
To make changes, add something to improve
War Purchase
To buy something
Undersetimate
Estimate (something) to be smaller or less important than it actually is.
America First Committee
A committee organized by isolationists before WWII, who wished to spare American lives. They wanted to protect America before we went to war in another country. Charles A. Lindbergh (the aviator) was its most effective speaker.
Lend-Lease Act
Approve by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
Atlantic Charter
The joint declaration, in August 1941, by Roosevelt and Churchill, stating common principles for the free world; self-determination, free choice of government, equal opportunities for all nations for trade, permanent system of general security and disarmament
Cost-Plus
A government contract to pay a manufacturer the cost to produce an item plus a guaranteed percentage
Disenrfranchised
To deprive of a franchise, of a legal right, or of some privilege or immunity; especially : to deprive of the right to vote
Vehicle
Something in which people or goods are carried from place to place
Draft
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
War Production Board
During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
Office of War Mobilization
Was an independent agency of the United States government formed during World War II to coordinate all government agencies involved in the war effort. It was formed on May 27, 1943 by Executive Order 9347
"Double V" Campaign
The World War II-era effort of African Americans to gain "a Victory over racism at home as well as Victory abroad."
Tuskegee Airmen
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school in Tuskegee, Alabama. Won many awards for bravery and never lost a single pilot.
Oveta Culp Hobby
Director of the Women's Army Corps during World War II; She held the rank of colonel and later became the second woman cabinet member, serving as secretary of health, education, and welfare.
Women's Army Corps
Women enlisted in the army in the WAC. Women worked in more masculine jobs for the war. They helped in the auxiliary and as secretaries and as transport pilots, but they didn't work in combat roles.
Periphery
A boundary line; perimeter; an outside surface
Convoy System
Protection of merchant ships from U-boat attacks by having ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
Code
A set of numbers, letters, or a combination of the two that is known to a select few, that gives access to something. Used in WWII to send messages so enemy could not figure out war time strategy.
Target
Object of an attack
Chester Nimitz
U.S. Admiral during WWII, the commander of American naval forces in the Pacific. He took action to defend the island of Midway from the Japanese. On June 3, 1942, his scout planes found the Japanese fleet. The Americans sent torpedo planes and dive bombers to the attack. The Japanese were caught with their planes still on the decks of their carriers. The results were devastating. By the end of the Battle of Midway, the Japanese had lost four aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and 250 planes.
Douglas MacArthur
U.S. general. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
Bataan Death March
After the April 9, 1942, U.S. surrender of the Bataan Peninsula on the main Philippine island of Luzon to the Japanese during World War II (1939-45), the approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.
Corregidor
The peninsula and island in the Philippines where Japanese forces besieged American forces in World War II. Surrendered by America on May 6, 1942, giving the Japanese complete control of the Philippines.
James Doolittle
A U.S. Army general best known for leading the famous "Doolittle Raid" in 1942, in which B-25 bombers were launched from an aircraft carrier to bomb Japan.
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