How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

35 terms

Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs
STUDY
PLAY
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Five classes of needs; Higher-order needs are dependent upon lower-order needs (they are addative)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
a method of classifying human needs and motivations into five categories in ascending order of importance: physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
A theory that arranges human needs in order of their priority with
lower-level needs being met before higher needs can be recognized and fulfilled
Physiological Needs
the most basic human needs to be satisfied- water, food, shelter, and clothing
Physiological Needs
those relating to the basic biological necessities of life: food, drink, rest and shelter
Physiological Needs
the first (lowest) level of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological Needs
achieve homeostasis; need food, water, air, etc.
Physiological Needs
deficiency needs
Physiological Needs
'd' needs
Safety Needs
A basic need for the sense of security
Safety Needs
needs concerned with protection and physical well-being
Safety Needs
Security, Protection
Safety Needs
Safety and Security. protection, stability, pain avoidance, routine/order
Love/Belonging Needs
needs are for giving and receving of affection, companionship, satisfactory interpersonal relationships, and identification with a group
Love/Belonging Needs
level three of heirarchy; , friendship, intimacy, sex, family or social community group
Love/Belonging Needs
Include the understanding and acceptance of others in both giving and receiving love, and the feeling of belonging to families, peers, friends, a neighborhood and a community
Love/Belonging Needs
hierarchy of needs; includes love, sex, friends, family, social group
Esteem Needs
need for self-esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others
Esteem Needs
Fourth cluster of needs in the hierarchy of needs. Included are the needs for status, prestige, competence, and confidence.
Esteem Needs
Maslow's 4th priority. Title, status, prestige, recognition, power
Love/Belonging Needs
Maslow's 3rd priority
Love/Belonging Needs
Middle layer of Maslow's pyramid
Self-actualization
according to Maslow, the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential
Self-actualization
5th order needs
Self-actualization
Top of Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Self-actualization
The process of understanding oneself more completely and being aware of issues affecting one's life.
Self-actualization
In humanistic theory, the final level of psychological development, in which one strives to realize one's uniquely human potential-to achieve everything one is capable of achieving
exemplary people
Maslow studied what he called ____________ such as Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, etc. rather than mentally ill people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy."
Abraham Maslow
person; humanistic psychology; hierarchy of needs-needs at a lower level dominate an individual's motivation as long as they are unsatisfied; self-actualization, transcendence
Abraham Maslow
Humanistic psychologist known for his "Hierarchy of Needs" and the concept of "self-actualization"
Abraham Maslow
(1908-1970) humanistic psychologist who proposed the hierarchy of needs, with self-actualization as the ultimate psychological need
Abraham Maslow
Unconditional positive regard is to Carl Rogers as self-actualization is to _____.
Abraham Maslow
Turned from his Behaviorist root to begin the formation of the third major force in psychology, the Humanistic Perspective
Abraham Maslow
Founded humanistic psychology
Created Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Hierarchy of needs: physiological, safety, loving/belonging, esteem, self-actualization