Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 10: A Changing Nation
Terms in this set (47)
circular trip around an area
basic public works; i.e. roads, bridges, canals
relating to outside one's country; external
to take part in; to share in an activity
to act in response to another action
done willingly; of one's free will
to repeat the exact words spoken or written
to make wealthy
to decide; to solve
represents "the west"; is from Kentucky; "The Great Compromiser"; thought tariffs were good; wanted to use the money to build roads, bridges and canals connecting the country
represents "the Northeast or North"; from Massachusetts; supports tariffs because they protect industry;
John C. Calhoun
represents "the South"; From South Carolina; for States' Rights; HATES the tariffs; proslavery
"Era of Good Feelings"
Time period when James Monroe was president
legal document giving certain rights to a person or company;
selling goods in another country below market value
Clay's American System
where the north bought raw materials from the south and west, south made money, the money collected from tariffs would be used to build roads, bridges and canals that would connect the north, south and west together for faster, easier, less expensive transportation
McCulloch v Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law; strengthened power of the federal government
Gibbons v Ogden
This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshal, of the Supreme Court, sternly reminded the state of New York that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerce.
Dartmouth College v Woodward
1819--New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U. S. Constitution; protects private contracts which protects private business
an economic system in which privately owned businesses compete in a free market system
trade between 2 or more states; regulated by the federal government
commerce occurring within one state which cannot be regulated by the federal government
government division of a country; similar to a state
to give up
relating to one's country, internal
Leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule; "The Liberator"
A treaty signed with Spain to give the Florida territory to the United States.
John Quincy Adams
He was Secretary of State under President James Monroe. He was also President of the U.S. from 1825-1829.
Organized an army of Native Americans that freed several Mexican provinces from Spain's rule.
1823 - Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power would be seen as a threat to the U.S. ; You staty in your hemisphere we'll stay in ours"; "Hands Off the new Latin American countries"; Written by John Quincy Adams
the right of the people to rule themselves independently
Election of 1824
decided by the House of Representatives because there was not a majority of electoral votes for anyone candidate; John Quincy Adams was chosen to be the 6th President
Refers to the claim from the supporters of Andrew Jackson that John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay had worked out a secret deal to ensure that Adams was elected President by the House of Representatives in 1824 and Clay would be Secretary of State
the right to vote
"Age of Jackson"
AKA "Age of the Common Man"; many more white males earned the right to vote; new ways for choosing presidential candidates
Their policies included support of industry, protective tariffs, and Clay's American System. They were generally upper class in origin. Included Clay and Webster; opposed to Jackson
A small meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform
Nominating Conventions (Committees)
large meeting of party delegates to choose candidates for office
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends; "to the victors belong the spoils (loot)
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Signed into law by President Andrew Jackson, strongly supported by the South whom was eager to gain access to the lands to grow more cotton. Forced Native Americans to move off their lands in the east to land designated to them in the west
Cherokee Nation v Georgia
(1831) The Cherokees argued that they were a seperate nation and therefore not under Georgia's jurisdiction. Marshall said they were not, but rather had "special status" because of treaties created with the US Government
Worcester v Georgia
Marshall said the Cherokees had a right to their lands because they had made treaties with the United States. the State of Georgia could not violate federal laws and treaties; Jackson ignored it
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
an action by a state that cancels a federal law to which the state fells is unconstitutional
Tariff of Abominations
1828 - Also called Tariff of 1828, it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The tariff protected the North but harmed the South; South said that the tariff was unconstitutional because it violated state's rights.
Panic of 1837
A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression; Andrew Jackson was to blame because he forced the closure of the National Bank by not renewing the charter
Election of 1840
William Henry Harrison is victorious; campaign slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler too"
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 15 The Civil War Vocabulary
Chapter 10: A Changing Nation
Chapter 9 The Era of Thomas Jefferson
America - History of Our Nation - Chapter 11 Secti…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Nationalism and Sectionalism
US History - Ch. 10, A Changing Nation - Study Gui…
Varieties of American Nationalism
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Finance Career Cluster
Education and Training Career Cluster
Business Management & Administration Cluster Vocab…
Business, Management & Administration Cluster 2