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If an individual's intake of a nutrient is less than the RDA, the individual...
May or may not be deficient in that nutrient
Which organelle is involved in converting the energy from the energy yielding nutrients into a form the cell can use?
Which of the following diseases or conditions is not related to poor nutrients and a sedentary lifestyle?
Sickle cell anemia
Which characteristic of a healthy diet ensures that we obtain enough of the nutrients we need?
When looking at the ingredient label of a bottled spaghetti sauce you see that olive oil is the second ingredient. This means that olive oil is
The second most abundant ingredient by weight
Which characteristic of a healthy diet ensures that we don't get too much of a specific nutrient?
Which term describes failing health that results from a long standing dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs?
The Food and Nutrition Board has set recommendations for a range of percent calories that should be met by the consumption of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. What is the range recommended for carbohydrates?
The recommendations for someone eating a 2000 calorie a day diet is 6 oz. eq of grains. Which of the following DOES NOT constitute 1 oz. eq?
1 cup of cooked cereal
The exchange of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products takes place within arteries and veins. True or False?
When you go to the doctor, typically, they will measure your height and weight. This is an example of what assessment?
Which of the following phytochemical are rich in colored (orange, red, yellow) vegetables?
Which hormone causes the release of bicarbonate from the pancreas, which neutralizes the acid entering the small intestine from the stomach?
Which of the following functions are provided by nutrients?
Provide the body with energy
Help maintain and repair the body
Acts as building blocks of the body
Eating a piece of cake after a big dinner is an example of the psychological drive to eat. The term given to the psychological drive to eat it....
Coordinated waves of muscular contraction, followed by muscles relaxation is called a _______. It is used to move food along the gastrointestinal tract.
In which of the following organs are villi found; finger like projections that increase the surface area of the organ?
Suppose a serving a fruit juice A has 100% of the RDA for vitamin C and 200 calories, while a serving of juice B has 5% of the RDA for vitamin C and 50 calories. Which fruit juice has the highest nutrient density for vitamin C?
According to the Dietary Guidelines, the food groups to encourage are...
Fruits, Vegetables, low fat milk, whole grains
Which of the following most accurately describes the term epidemiology?
A study of how disease rates vary among different population groups
The food label term "fat free" means that...
The food item contains less than 0.5 grams of fat per serving
Which of the following tend to increase the energy density of a food item?
Increasing the amount of fat in the food
Which of the following meals contain all the food groups (except oil)
Re fried beans, onions, tomatoes, and cheddar cheese wrapped in a tortilla, orange and soft drink.
To a nutritionist the term "essential" means something
The body cant make or make in sufficient quantities
Mrs. Mitchell was hospitalized after being found unconscious in her home. A dietician conduct a nutritional assessment nothing the general appearance of Mrs. Mitchell's skin, eye, and tongue. What part of the assessment is it?
Suppose a serving of a food item is 90 calories. You lean from the food label that 50% of the calories were derived from fat. How many grams of fat are in a serving of the food item?
The food grouping guidelines most recently released from the US government are called
Which of the following is a description of chyme?
A watery mixture of partially digested food released by the stomach into the intestine
Malnutrition only results from long term deficiencies of nutrients like protein, vitamins, and minerals
Suppose a food item contains 5 grams of carbs, 10grams of protein, 10 grams of fats, and 2 milligrams of vitamins. How many calories are in the food item?
Which of the following statements is NOT true concerning guidelines for a healthy diet?
You should not eat foods with a low nutrient density ("junk" foods)
Which of the following are functions of the kidney?
Formation of urine
Production of red blood cells
formation of activity vitamin D
which source of stored body energy can be used to form glucose that can be used by the brain during times of fasting?
The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunlight is called
Which of the following characteristics is true of the artificial fat, olestra
it passes through the small intestine unabsorbed
Which of the following artificial sweeteners is made up of two amino acids, aspartame and phenylalanine. As a result, people with PKU, who cannot metabolize phenylalanine, need to be aware of which products contain this sweetener?
All other things being equal, what effect does inc your blood HDL conc have on your risk of developing atherosclerosis?
It decreases the risk
Which type of diabetes is associated with obesity, and results from the body becoming resistant to the effects of insulin?
Viscous (soluble) fibers can....
a. lower blood cholesterol levels
b. slow the absorption of glucose
c. increase stool size significantly
As a product of lipid digestion, glycerol and short-chained fatty acids are absorbed...
by the capillaries of the small intestine
Which of the following hormones is released in response to high blood glucose concentration, like you would find after a meal, which helps lower glucose concentrates?
Which of the following families of fatty acids are essential?
omega-3 & omega 6 unsaturated fatty acids
The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ____ percent of our total calories.
Which of the following food groups contains on average 18 grams of carbs per serving, consisting of a mixture of simple and complex carbs?
Phosoholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways?
A compound containing phosphorus replaces one fatty acid
Diabetes increases the risk of developing which of the following conditions?
a. kidney disease
b. cardio disease
c. blindness in adulthood
The shorter the chain-length of the fatty acids in triglyceride, the more likely it is being ____ at room temp. The lower the degree of saturation of the fatty acids in triglyceride, the more likely it is of being ____ at room temp.
What is the fate of the majority of cholesterol in bile after it is released into the small intestine?
It is reabsorbed by the small intestine and taken to the liver
What is the reason to saturate a polyunsaturated fatty acid?
a. to make it healthier
b. to make the lipid more solid
c. increase the shelf-life of foods
When a person eats an excess of carbs, the liver can use that excess to make fats. These fats are packaged into a lipoprotein and it is released into the blood. What is the name of this lipoprotein made by the liver?
Which of the following hormones causes the breakdown of glycogen back into glucose and the synthesis of glucose by the liver from noncarb precursors
The glycemic load takes into account the glycemic index of the food and the amount of ....
What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intesinte?
they pass into the colon an dare fermented by bacteria
What is the name of the lipoprotein that carries cholesterol from the liver to the tissues of the body?
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