41 terms

Ecclesiology: Unit 1 Vocab

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ABSOLUTION
The forgiveness of sins conferred by a priest.
AGAPE
A form of love, modeled by Jesus Christ, that consists of unselfish love for others. The ability to love others without expecting love in return.
AGNOSTICISM
The uncertainty of whether or not God exists.
APOSTATES
those Christians who had betrayed their Christian faith during the persecution, and then tried to re-enter the Church following the end of the persecutions.
ATHEISM
The belief that God does not exist.
CATECHUMEN
A Christian convert under instruction before baptism into the Church.
CHARACTER
All the attributes or qualities found in human beings that allow us to be accountable for our actions, and to act responsibly.
COMPASSION
A sympathetic awareness of the distress of others, coupled together with the desire to end their suffering.
CONFESSION
The actual admitting of sins to a priest. Confession of all mortal sins.
CONFESSORS
Christians who refused to sacrifice to Roman Gods, even after the emperor Decius made it a crime to do so.
CONTRITION
An examination of conscience, realization of sin, and actual sorrow for sins committed.
CONVERSION
When knowledge or an experience brings about a fundamental change in a person.
CREATIONISM
The concept that God created everything as it is today, in 6 days. Creation is the opposite of the concept of evolution.
CULTURE
the customs and expectations of a certain group of people. Culture often dictates what is acceptable and unacceptable within a certain population.
DESTINY
That which happens to a person. Often thought of as being determined in advance by either fate or deeds.
DISPENSATION
In the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, a dispensation is the exemption from the immediate obligation of law in certain cases
DONATISTS
a group of heretical Christians in 5th century Carthage who opposed the legitimacy of Caecilian's Role as Bishop of Carthage.
ECUMENISM
The movement to promote religious unity within the Christian Church and among all the religions of the world.
EKKLESIA
The Greek word meaning "to call out". It is the word used for "church" in the New Testament.
EVANGELICAL COUNSELS
Poverty, Chastity, and Obedience. The aim of the Evangelical Counsels is to help a person remove everything from his or her life which might hinder the ability to love as Christ loved. They are vows taken by religious sisters, brothers, and priests, but are also encouraged for all members of the faithful.
FAITH
The reliance, trust, or belief in something or someone that is not always immediately, concretely, evident to some.
GENTILE
any non-Jewish person
GNOSTICISM
One of the earliest Christian heresies. It stressed the importance of secret knowledge passed on to a select few. Its followers believed that all material things were evil.
HEBREW
a term commonly used to refer to all Jews. More specifically it is a term that referred to Jews that wanted to maintain the purity of Judaism
HELLENIST
Those Jews who were more open to Greek and Roman influences
IDOLATRY
The practice of honoring or revering another creature above God. For example: power, pleasure, material possessions, money.
INTERCESSION
A prayer of petition for the sake of others.
ISRAELITES
the chosen people of God. The descendants of Abraham, through Isaac and Jacob.
MAGISTERIUM
The official teaching authority of the Catholic Church.
MEDITATION
A form of prayer where the mind and imagination focus on Christ or some form of revelation given from Christ, and then applied to our own lives.
MERCY
Refraining from inflicting Pain on an offender; the Act of easing one's suffering.
MONOTHEISM
The belief in one god.
PAPAL BULL
A particular type of letter patent or charter issued by a Pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the lead seal (bulla) that was appended to the end in order to authenticate it.
PENANCE
Ways of earning back God's grace and forgiveness by performing various tasks like fasting, prayers, or giving alms.
PETITION
A form of prayer in which we ask God for his help or forgiveness. This is sometimes referred to as supplication.
POLYTHEISM
The belief in many gods.
RELIGION
The relationship between God and humans that results in a body of beliefs, creeds, and codes defined by a set of practices.
SYNCRETISM
The practice of blending all religions and faith traditions into one.
SYNOD
an official meeting of Bishops. The term comes from the Greek word for "assembly'.
VIRTUE
A habitual and firm disposition to do good. It enables us to lead a morally good life.
WISDOM
A gift of the Holy Spirit. The type of knowing that involves the ability to discern the truth, as well as the best course of action.