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the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation.


an early school o fpsychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind.


a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.

experimental psychology

the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.


the view that psychology should 1.) be an objective science 2.) that studies behavior without reference to mental processes.

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and th eindividual's potential for personal growth.

cognitive neuroscience

the interdisciplinary study of th ebrain activity linked with cognition. (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)


the science of behavior and mental process.

nature-nurture issue

the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development oh psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.

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