39 terms

Poisionous Plants

History of Biology Final
50 Toxic Compounds
Oleander Plant
Includes Cardiac Glycosides
Oleander Plant
Naturally Occur from the Mediterranean to Southern Asia
Oleander Plant
White Flower
Oleander Plant
Toxic Plants
Rhododendron, Texas Bluebonnet, Black Locust
Latin origin of the word toxic, which means "poision arrow"
Succession Powder
Used in the renaissance in order to have younger students ascend the throne by poisioning their older siblings.
Why do plants have poisionous chemicals?
to prevent herbivory
Alkaloids or Glycosides
Chemical Groups that make up most plant poisons
Strychnine Plant
-Attacks central nervous system
-causes muscle spasms
-can enhance sight, smell, touch, and hearing
-used to treat constipation, impotnece, barbiturate poisoning
-enhances athletic performance
-used in rat poision
Poision Chemical is Tubo Curarine
Curare Plant
Curare Plant
-Arrow poision; paralyzes victims
-blocks nerve impulses
-used as an anesthetic
-used to treat polio, cerebral palsy, tetanus
Poision Hemlock
-hollow, grooved stems with purple dots
-attacks central nervous system; paralyzes from the bottom up
-cause of death is respiratory failure
-leaves are fern-like
Poison Hemlock
Used to kill Socrates
Carrot Family
Poison Hemlock, and Water Hemlock
Water Hemlock
-Coarsely toothed leaves
-poison concentrated in the roots
-violent, convulsive death
Poison Chemical is Cicu Toxin
Water Hemlock
-has white, milky sap
-kills livestock and humans
-monarch butterfly eats it
Mimics the appearance of the poisionous monarch
Poisons Chemical is Galitoxin
-Shrub or tree in Texas Hill Country
-produces bright red beans
-used as a hallucinogen by Indians
-death was by respiratory failure
Poison Chemical is Cytosine
Bean Family
Castor Bean
-Oil used as laxitive for children
-fatal if child swallows one seed
-fatal if a child swallows three
-clumps red blood cells
-most deadly poison known
Poison Chemical is Ricin
Castor Bean
Poison Ivy, Oak
-occurs in and on the edged of wooded areas
-can grow into a woody vine
-three leaves with white berries
-causes and allergic reaction to the skin
-15 to 30% of the population is not allergic
-chemical binds to the skin quickly
-can get internally from smoke
-poison can las for several years on dead plants
Mango, Laquer, Sumac Family
Poison Ivy, Oak
Poison Chemical is Urushiol
Poison Ivy, Oak
May Apple
-All parts, except the fruit are poisionous
-used to treat different forms of cancerous tumors
Poison Chemical is Podophullotoxin
May apple
Purple Fox Glove
-Willam Withering-1785 used this to treat heart disease
-the entire plant is poisonous
-used in the James Bond movie, Casino Royale
Snapdragon Family
Purple Fox Glove
Poison Chemical is Digoxin
Purple Fox Glove
-found in moist mountain habitats
-poision is in the roots
-used on poison arrows
-grown as ornamentals in gardens
-said to repel werewolves
-used in witches magic
Buttercup Family
Poison Chemical is Pseudocintine
Deadly Nightshade
-Atropa Belladonna
-used to dialate womens pupils
-used for stomach/bladder cramps
-prevent nausea and vomiting
-helpful in nerve gas
Potato Family
Deadly Nightshade
Other Poisonous Plants
Sacred Datura, white potato, larkspur, caladium, daffodil, apple seeds