Introduction to Language Arts Keystone Terms Unit 1

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Adjective
A word or phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it.
Adverb
Modifies another part of speech and expresses a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, or degree
Analysis
A detailed examination of the elements or structure of something for discussion/interpretation.
Antonym
A word opposite in meaning to another.
Conjunction
A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause
Context Clues
Hints given to help define a difficult or unusual word.
Differentiate
To recognize or ascertain what makes something different
Draw Conclusion
The decision you come to when you put what you know and what you read together
Evaluate
Making judgments based on your understanding
Explain
Make something clear by describing in more detail or revealing relevant facts/ideas
Focus
The subject that is being discussed or studies- the main purpose or interest
Genre
The "type" or category of literature
Inference
The act or process of reaching a conclusion about something from known facts or evidence
Interjection
A word added to a sentence to show emotion.
Interpret
To explain the meaning of or to understand
Keywords
A significant word from a title or a document used as an index to connect
Literary Device
Structures used by writers to convey messages/meaning in a simple manner to readers. Helps readers to appreciate, interpret, and analyze a literary work
Literary Elements
A constituent of all works of narrative fiction- a necessary feature or verbal storytelling. Plot, Theme, Character, Tone.
Main Idea
The point of literary work
Multiple Meaning Words
Words that sound alike but have different meanings and spelling. Words that are spelled alike but have different meanings.
Noun
Name of a person, place, or thing
Prefix
A word, letter, or number placed before another.
Preposition
A word expressing a relation to another word or an element in the clause
Pronoun
A word that takes place of a noun
Suffix
An affix placed after the stem of a word.
Sentence Variety
Using assorted sentence patterns, lengths, and rhythms.
Summarize
A brief statement of the main points in your own words.
Supporting Details
Used to help you better understand the main idea.
Synonym
Means exactly the same or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Text Organization
How information is organized in a text- helps to focus attention on key concepts, etc.
Verb
A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence.
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