Terms in this set (33)
Northern Opposition to the War
If the South seceded from the North, it would take away a main factor in the Northern Economy, causing the north to lose money. Also, the war would have high costs, both morally and economically, and the Northerners were sympathetic to the South
the Virginia town where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9th, 1865, ending the Civil War. During the surrender, Grant was generous to Lee by letting the South not having to pay reparations
a legal principle that requires authorities to show reasons why a person should be held in custody and to provide a speedy trial. was used by Lincoln to arrest Confederate spies
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863). He was also shot and killed by his own troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville
Union general of the Army of the Potomac who was relieved of command for "doing nothing" at Antietam, after he failed to capture the Confederate Capital of Richmond during the Peninsula Campaign.
a military draft that was used on both sides.
issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, it declared that all slaves in the rebellious Confederate states would be free
-Navy was better
-National Government already in place
-More effective civilian leadership
-Fighting a defensive war
-Better military leadership
-Men used to outdoors
-Cotton - European dependence
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties, and was also a tie
First Battle of Bull Run
First major battle of the Civil War, in which untrained Northern troops and civilian picnickers fled back to Washington. This battle helped boost Southern morale and made the North realize that this would be a long war.
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
3rd day of Gettysburg, Lee asked Pickett to lead troops on a mile and a half run where they were then slaughtered by the union army
William T. Sherman
General Sherman led the "March to the Sea" from Savannah to Georgia, as well as, the Atlanta Campaign. Carried on "total war" strategy, burning anything that the Confederate Army could use to their advantages.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; first shots are fired by the confederates; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War.
an ironclad ship used by the South/Confederacy in the Civil War
an ironclad ship used by the North/Union in the Civil War
Union ships commander that attacked the two forts guarding the approach to New Orleans and The Gulf of Mexico
Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate army. Was favored to win the war because of his superior military knowledge.
Where President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. April 14, 1865.
This amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners. It legally forbade slavery in the United States.
Battle of Vicksburg
1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy splits in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins
a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
President of the Confederacy during the Civil War
Union General George B. McClellan's failed effort to seize Richmond, the Confederate Capital. Had McClellan taken Richmond and toppled the Confederacy, slavery would have most likely survived in the South for some time.
A series of violent disturbances in New York City led by African-Americans and Irish immigrants; were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress to draft men to fight in the Civil War.
John Wilkes Booth
was an American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
site of Confederate massacre of more than 200 African American war prisoners
"Southern Spinal Cord"
the Mississippi River border, which was conquered by the Union at the Battle of Vicksburg
The president during the Civil War that issued the Emancipation Proclamation. He was on both sides for slavery
South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee
California Connecticut Delaware*Illinois
Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky
Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Missouri* Nevada New Hampshire
New Jersey New York Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont West Virginia* and Wisconsin