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MUSCULAR SKELETAL SYSTEM
Terms in this set (66)
Excessive backward curvature of the thoracic spine
Abnormal or excessive curve toward the front of the body in the thoracic or lumbar region
Dislocation of a bone/joint from its normal anatomic location
Pertaining to the chest
Fibrous band of tissue that attaches muscle to bone
A slightly elastic end of tissue that binds joints together and connects various bones and cartilage
Wasting away, decreasing in size
Fluid-filled saclike membranes that provide cushioning and frictionless motion between two tissues
fibrous sacs that lie between tendons and bones
synovial membranes that secrete synovial fluid
acts as a cushion between a bone and a tendon
acts as a cushion between a tendon and a ligament
helps muscles & tendons glide smoothly over the bone
A decrease in bone density, a precursor to osteoporosis
The return to correct anatomic position, as in reduction of a fracture
An instrument for measuring the degrees of motion in a joint.
A dry, crackling sound or sensation.
The thin, highly innervated, membranous covering bone
(layer to protect bone)
allows sensory nerves to connect to bone
structure found at the ends of a long bone, osteocyte activity until puberty causes growth
The inner portion of the diaphysis that contains bone marrow.
Largest bone of the upper leg.
Strongest bone in body.
8x stronger than concrete
1 ton of weight (2,000lbs)
How many bones are in the thoracic spine?
What type of fracture is the skin broken?
What does SLE stand for?
systemic lupus erythematosus
What is an autoimmune disease that attacks the synovial fluid and results in deformity?
The long part of the bone is called?
Inflammation of the joint is called?
Joint between bones-movement
allows for movement-synovial
elbow, wrist, fingers
Joint between bones/ no movement
What connects muscle to bone?
What connects bones at a joint.
What do the elbow joints do?
flex and extend
List 5 general functions of the musculoskeletal system.
Protection of internal organs
Support to stand erect
(production of blood cells in the red bone marrow)
Mineral storage in bones
What permits the skull to grow with a child but have very limited flexibility.
What joints allow for the greatest range of motion by permitting the joint to rotate in a complete circle?
What joints of the elbow and knee allow for movement in one plane, such as bending up and down?
Used to visualize soft tissue.
Used to visualize soft tissue such as tumors, lesions, or some spinal injuries.
What is moving foot up?
Ligament found at the ankle?
An infectious arthritis
caused by bacteria that is transmitted to humans by a bite from a tick
Specializes in joint injures and disease?
moving their shoulder up and down-what muscles
trapezius and supraspinatus
type of fracture includes the bone protruding through the skin will require what type of surgery?
It is a compound fracture and an open reduction surgery.
Lateral spinal deformity accompanied by extreme back pain?
What is stored in bones?
calcium and minerals
skeletal muscle fibers are?
smooth and striated
?Sacs that produce lubrication between?
Over stretching a muscle?
density of a bone is measured by?
bone density scan
What does a radiologist do?
diagnose medical imaging or diagnose x-rays
Characteristic of a tendon?
flat or round
How many muscles in the body?
50% of body mass
2 Types of Muscles
striated/voluntary/has control over movement
smooth/involuntary/no control over movement
What connects muscles to bones
similiar to rubber bands/connected like movement
flat or round
What connects bones to joints?
(or bones to bones at joints)
over 1/4 of the bones in your body are located where?
metabolic disease marked by overproduction or improper elimination of uric acid
degenerative joint disease-significant thinning and degeneration of the articular cartilage of synovial joints
autoimmune inflammatory condition that involves an immune system response to the synovial membraines
chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease of known origin-affects voluntary muscle contraction. caused by a defect in the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles
softening of the bones
condition that occurs when soft nucleus of an intervertebral disk protrudes though a tear or weakened area in its tough outer cartilaginous covering
How many bones in body?
206 as an adult-300 when born (bones fuse together)
Purpose of bones
size/shape-flat, round, short, long
How many times do cells regenerate to create new bones in your lifetime?
Bone Marrow/Red blood cells is produced in which bones?
Femur bone, sternum, humorous, ribs, vertibrae
joins bones together, acts like a cushion
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