40 terms

ch. 7 section reviews 7.1, 7.2, & 7.3

Who named South America's southernmost archipelago? What did he name it?
Ferdinand Magellan; "Tierra del Fuego" (land of fire)
What is the name of Paraguay's hardwood forest?
The Gran Chaco
Paraguay fought against what country in the Chaco War? What was the war about?
Bolivia; access to Gran Chaco and Parana River
Name the largest estuary between Uruguay and Argentina.
Rio de la Plata
What is the name of Argentina's fertile plains?
Which leader caused Argentina's economy to decline when he nationalized many private industries?
Juan Peron
Who became South America's first avowed Marxist to be elected head of state?
Salvador Allende
Chile is the world's leading producer of what important metal?
Cape Horn
a rocky headland belonging to Chile at the southernmost tip of South America
ranches in the Pampas
region in southern South America between the Andes and the South Atlantic
a cowboy of the South American pampas
Augusto Pinochet
A dictator in Chile who came to power by a military takeover promising to restore stability.
Which South American countries do not have Spanish as an official language?
Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana
What physical features dominate Brazil's landscape?
the Amazon River Basin and the surrounding highlands
What is the name of the continents's easternmost cape?
Cape Sao Roque
Which city is South America's largest
Sao Paulo
Brazil is the largest producer of what important group?
The colonies of British Guiana and Dutch Guiana became what modern countries?
British Guiana: Guyana
Dutch Guiana: Suriname
What is the most important mineral resource in the Guianas?
a Brazilian river
Iguacu Falls
a magnificent waterfall at the convergence of Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay
Pedro Cabral
Portuguese leader of an expedition to India; blown off course in 1500 and landed in Brazil
Guanabara Bay
body of water bordering Rio de Janeiro
French Guiana
overseas department of France
What imaginary boundary divided the New World between Spain and Portugal? Who set this boundary?
Line of Demarcation; Pope Alexander VI
Which peak in the Andes Mountains has the highest elevation in the Western Hemisphere?
Mount Aconcagua
Identify South America's largest lake. What is the highest navigable freshwater lake in the world?
Lake Maracaibo; Lake Titicaca
Name the Venezuelan creole who helped the Northern Andean Countries win their independence from Spain.
Simon Bolivar
What is the leading illegal export of the Northern Andean countries?
To which nation do the Galapagos Islands of the Pacific belong?
Name the Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca of Peru. What city served as the headquarters of the Inca Empire?
Francisco Pizarro; Machu Picchu
Which country had the world's largest fishing industry before 1972? What natural phenomenon devastated the fishing grounds?
Peru; El Nino
a major South American river
grassy lowland plains in the north
the oldest permanent European settlement in South America
Indian for "mountains"
the world's largest active volcano
Machu Piccu
A ancient ruin in Peru, built by the Inca
Jim Elliot
Missionary martyr who was slain in Ecuador