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Who named South America's southernmost archipelago? What did he name it?

Ferdinand Magellan; "Tierra del Fuego" (land of fire)

What is the name of Paraguay's hardwood forest?

The Gran Chaco

Paraguay fought against what country in the Chaco War? What was the war about?

Bolivia; access to Gran Chaco and Parana River

Name the largest estuary between Uruguay and Argentina.

Rio de la Plata

What is the name of Argentina's fertile plains?


Which leader caused Argentina's economy to decline when he nationalized many private industries?

Juan Peron

Who became South America's first avowed Marxist to be elected head of state?

Salvador Allende

Chile is the world's leading producer of what important metal?


Cape Horn

a rocky headland belonging to Chile at the southernmost tip of South America


ranches in the Pampas


region in southern South America between the Andes and the South Atlantic


a cowboy of the South American pampas

Augusto Pinochet

A dictator in Chile who came to power by a military takeover promising to restore stability.

Which South American countries do not have Spanish as an official language?

Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana

What physical features dominate Brazil's landscape?

the Amazon River Basin and the surrounding highlands

What is the name of the continents's easternmost cape?

Cape Sao Roque

Which city is South America's largest

Sao Paulo

Brazil is the largest producer of what important group?


The colonies of British Guiana and Dutch Guiana became what modern countries?

British Guiana: Guyana
Dutch Guiana: Suriname

What is the most important mineral resource in the Guianas?



a Brazilian river

Iguacu Falls

a magnificent waterfall at the convergence of Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay

Pedro Cabral

Portuguese leader of an expedition to India; blown off course in 1500 and landed in Brazil

Guanabara Bay

body of water bordering Rio de Janeiro

French Guiana

overseas department of France

What imaginary boundary divided the New World between Spain and Portugal? Who set this boundary?

Line of Demarcation; Pope Alexander VI

Which peak in the Andes Mountains has the highest elevation in the Western Hemisphere?

Mount Aconcagua

Identify South America's largest lake. What is the highest navigable freshwater lake in the world?

Lake Maracaibo; Lake Titicaca

Name the Venezuelan creole who helped the Northern Andean Countries win their independence from Spain.

Simon Bolivar

What is the leading illegal export of the Northern Andean countries?


To which nation do the Galapagos Islands of the Pacific belong?


Name the Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca of Peru. What city served as the headquarters of the Inca Empire?

Francisco Pizarro; Machu Picchu

Which country had the world's largest fishing industry before 1972? What natural phenomenon devastated the fishing grounds?

Peru; El Nino


a major South American river


grassy lowland plains in the north


the oldest permanent European settlement in South America


Indian for "mountains"


the world's largest active volcano

Machu Piccu

A ancient ruin in Peru, built by the Inca

Jim Elliot

Missionary martyr who was slain in Ecuador

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