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50 terms

World Hist Ch.12 part one

STUDY
PLAY
The early medieval church in the West
developed a more organized monastic structure under Saint Benedict
In an effort to avoid the potential mayhem of the Germanic system of personal revenge for the punishment of crimes, an alternative system arose that made use of a fine called
wergeld
Which of the following was accomplished by medival Christian monasteries?
The served as centers of learning
Charlemagne's oversight representatives, the "messengers of the lord king," were the
missi dominici
Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire accomplished all of the following except
it restored an urban economy based upon the use of money.
Monasticism in medieval Europe
included women, many of whom belonged to royal families
Who were the Asian people, defeated at the Battle of Lechfeld, who became Christians and went on to establish the kingdom of Hungary?
The Magyars
The incursions of the Scandinavian VIkings into other parts of Europe
were successful in part becauseof their ships had a shallow draft, allowing them to sail far up rivers, raiding and pillaging as they went
The personal element of feudalism was most symbolized in the relationships involving
lords and vassals
the peice of land that prvided the feudal bassal's economic support was the
fief
Aristorcratic medieval wormen
in unusual circumstances, could play a major role, as did Eleanor of Aquitaine
All of the following are correct regarding the development of fief-holding except it
was a result of the Church's attempt to give serfs and peasants more social movility
Which of the following revolutionized warfare in the early Middle Ages?
The stirrup
Vassals
were supported by the income from a fief of land.
They english king most responsible for establishing the "common law" was
Henry II.
Bye the end of the Thirteenth century, the institutionalization of the English Parliament
was a system of power sharing between the monarch and groups within the society.
France's first parliament, begun under Philip IV, was the
Estates-General
The early Capetian Kings of France
were effective rulers only in the area around Paris.
Philip II Augustus of France accomplished all of the following except he
became the Holy Roman Emperor
Central issue(s) complicating the realization of an integrated Holy Roman Empire were
bothe the difficulty of simultaneously controlling the Italian and German areas of the empire and the opposition by the popes and the cities of northern Itialy
The Principality of Kiev was founded by
Scandinavian Vikings
all of the following were true about the development of Russia except
Magyar dominance created a Western-oriented bend in Russia development
The missionary brothers who created the Slavonic, or Cyrillic, alphabet, translated the Bible into Slavonic, and who developed Slavonic church services were
Cyril and Methodius
The Slaves
were divided into two religious groups, whith most southern and eastern Slavs becoming Othodox and most norhtern and western Slavs becoming Roman Catholic
High Middle Ages agriculture included all except
the use of slave labor
Which of the following is a valid statement about manorialism and the medieval manor?
Manorialism provided the economic foundation of feudalism.
All of the following were true of the medieval peasants' life except
they were members of agricultural craft guilds
Which of the following was not true about medieval towns and cities?
They were food-producing, self-sufficient units, in which commerce was secondary.
Which of the following was not true about medieval Christianity?
Papal authority had diminished by the thirteenth century.
The Dominican friars
were first led by the highly intellectual Dominic de Guzman.
The medieval religious order which was noted for its commitment to living among the common people and ministering to the poor was the
Franciscans
The medieval university
was originally an educational association of students or scholars, as at Bologna.
All of the following are true about scholasticism except
the author of the Summa Theologica was Abelard dun Scotus.
Which of the following was not characteristic of Romanesque architecture?
flying buttresses
Which of the following was not characteristic of Gothic architecture?
thick walls
All of the following were motives for the Crusades except
the aim to increase religious toleration between Muslims and Christians.
Participants in the Third Crusade included all of the following except
Belisarius.
The Forth Crusade resulted in the
fall of Constantinople.
The early fourteenth century was troubled by
the "little ice age."
The Black Death
was spread by fleas carrying Yersinia pestis.
Flagellants
were Christian fanatics who physically scourged themselves during the Black Death.
All of the following regarding the Hundred Years War are correct except
traditional nobles fighting on horseback were the keys to victory.
In the early fourteenth century, the Catholic church
was moved to Avignon
The Great Schism
saw two different individuals claiming to be the true pope.
The council that ended the Great Schism was the council of
Constance.
The Italian Renaissance was
all of these except a mass movement.
An Itallian intellectual who hunted down ancient manuscripts and emphasized pure Latin was
Petrarch
The principles of Early Renaissance art
were demonstrated in the frescoes of Masaccio, which employed the laws of perspective and a more realistic relationship between figures and landscape.
The divine beauty of the ceiling figures in the Sistine Chapel are a reflection of the Neoplationism of
Michelangelo.
All of the following were true of the political recovery of the fifteenth century in Europe except that
centralized monarchies gained strength in Germanic central Europe.