us history chapter 18
Terms in this set (48)
what 3 things stimulated US imperialism?
desire for military strength, thirst for new markets, belief in cultural superiority
what country's residents became citizens in 1917?
who stated "you furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war?"
William randolph Hearst
Why did T. Roosevelt win the Nobel Peace Prize?
for mediating the treaty between Russia and Japan--stopping them from going to war against each other.
What is the Platt Amendment?
series of provisions that, in 1901, the US insisted Cuba add to its new constitution commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the US the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuban land for naval/fueling stations.
What is the Teller amendment?
declared that the US had no intention of taking political control of Cuba, and that once peace was restored to the Island, Cuba would be a free country.
What is the roosevelt corollary? what did it build upon?
an extension of the monroe doctrine, announced by president TR in 1904, under which the US claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of western hemisphere nations.
What is dollar diplomacy?
the US policy of using the nations economic power to exert influence over other countries.
What is the deLome letter?
A letter written by Enrique de Lome(spaniard) that was interpreted by the US. the letter mocked the US president Mckinley, calling him "weak".
The treaty that ended the Spanish american war:
treaty of Paris(1898)
What is the Foraker Act?
a legislation passed by congress in 1900, in which the US ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government.
the 5 major imperialist powers in 1900:
Germany, Japan, Russia, US, Britain.
Who is John J Pershing? who did he want to capture?
Brigadier general of the US army...wanted to capture pancho villa.
a 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western Influence.
How did we get the land used to build the Panama Canal?
we shared it with France and then bought it for 40 million.
what is the open door notes?
messages sent by secretary of state John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan, asking the countries to not interfere with US trading rights in China.
what is the open door policy?
after getting Alaska, Hawaii, the Philippines, and Guam, the Us was spreading across the Pacific Ocean. The US really wanted to establish the trade with China, so they insisted on China having an "open door" to the US.
Who is William Mckinley and what major concepts did he do?
he is the 25th US president--and was president during imperialism and the Spanish-American War. He led US to victory over Mexico and annexed Hawaii.
Who is grover Cleveland and what major concepts did he do?
22nd and 24th President of US who dealt with Hawaii and wanted US to not take away monarchy in Hawaii(wanted there to still be king and queen). he opposed tarrifs-so he opposed taxes on imports from other countires.
What is the Mckinley Tariff?
provoked a crisis by eliminating the duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar(1890).
What does duty-free mean?
Exempt from payment of duty; not required to pay taxes.
Who is Sanford Dole and what were his accomplishments?
Governor of Hawaii after the King was overthrown in Hawaii...he was the largest american land owner in Hawaii. largest plantation owner of pineapples.
Who is Alfred T. Mahan?
admiral of the US navy- urged government officials to build up American Naval Power in order to compete with other powerful nations.
Who is king Kalakaua and what happened to him?
King of Hawaii-he was overthrown.
Who is the last queen of Hawaii?
what is pearl Harbor?
Japs surprise attack on US naval base in hawaii. dropped bombs.
What is yellow journalism
the sensational style of writing, which exaggerates the news to lull and engage readers.
Who were the 2 major yellow journalists?
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
Who is Joe Marti?
cuban poet and journalist in Exile New York, launched a revolution in 1895. Organized cuban resistance against Spain, using an active guerrilla campaign and deliberately destroying property, especially US owned sugar mills and plantations.
What is san juan hill?
important battle of Spanish american war was here. Roosevelt and the rough riders defeated Spain in the battle here, putting the US at an advantage.
What is the importance of the USS Maine?
Mckinley opened it to Cuba to bring home US citizens in danger from fighting and to protect US property. It blew up in the Havana Harbor...260 men were killed.
What are the rough riders?
a voluntary Calvary regiment, commanded by Leonard Wood and Teddy roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-American war.
Who is George Dewey and what did he do?
admiral of the navy while we took victory at the battle of manilla bay.
who is general valeriano Weyler and what did he do?
governor/general of the phillipines/Cuba. He used concentration camps.
Which nation attempted to achieve independence by actually going to war with America?
In which nation did the US use concentration camps that it condemned Spain for?
an artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the atlantic and pacific oceans, opened in 1914.
What presidency was the Panama canal built?
during his presidency, america and Mexico came close to war:
Woodrow Wilson's policy contingent on the belief that it was America's responsibility and destiny to spread its institutions and values to the far corners of the globe.
overthrew Huerta in Mexico...leader of Mexican revolution.
Mexican nationalist that wanted to overthrow Mexican gov. Almost went to war with america. opposed caranzas gov.
Where did the boxer rebellion take place?
Which nation was directly affected by the Foraker act?
emilio aguinaldo fought for the independence of what country?
what nation was the open door notes focus?
treaty of paris (1898) granted independence to what country?
platt amendment made what a US protectorate?