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26 terms

Final Exam Review 1

Chapeter 11
STUDY
PLAY
"This content was intended by Providence as a vast theatre on which to work out the grand experiment of Republican govenment, under the auspices of the Anglo-Saxon race.." This is an exaple of the idea of
Manifest Destiny
California's possible admission as a free state caused such a furor because it
Broke the balance of power in the Senate between slave and free states.
Before Texas gained it's independence in 1836, a major conflict between American settlers in Texas and the Mexican government was
Mexico's abolition of slavery.
Under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the United States
gained New Mexico and Upper California.
The Compromise of 1850 included admitting _____ as a free state.
California
During the Mexican War, what happened in the southwest?
American settlers seized Sonoma and established the Republic of California.
The conflict between American troops commanded by General John C. Fremont and Mexican forces at Matamoros provided Polk with an ideal pretext for war with Mexico.
False.
The peace treaty of 1783 with England granted the United States all the land..
drained by rivers flowing into the Atlantic.
American settlement in the Oregon region was centered in the
Williamette Valley.
"Our object is freedom-civil and religious freedom... This object we expect to obtain by a total separation from Mexico, as an independent community, a new republic, or by becoming a state of the United States..." The subject of the above was
Texas.
"Oregon fever" refered to
the desire to go to Oregon.
According to your text, in the battle over the independence of Texas, the slaughters at Goliad and at _____, a former mission, made peaceful settlement of the dispute with Mexico almost impossible.
the Alamo.
William Marcy wrote "Two Years Before the Mast", describing his journey around South America to California.
False.
When the Whigs nominated Henry Clay for presidency in 1844, their platform
ignored the question of Texas.
The reason the final Oregon Treaty between the United States and England was popular is that
the war with Mexico had begun.
In the election 1848, supporters of Martin Van Buren who opposed Lewis Cass were nicknamed
Barnburners.
The final congressional maneuvering in the Compromise of 1850 was managed by Illinois newcomer William H. Seward.
False.
Manifest Destiny might be best described as the belief that Americans were
God's chosen people.
In 1849, approximately 80,000 Americans migrated to California because of the
Start of the gold rush.
Clay lost the election of 1844, one might argue, due to the success of the Liberty Party in
New York.
Presidnet Polk's plans to defeat Mexico included
Taking possession of California and New Mexico.
According to "Mapping the Past: The Compromise of 1850", the ____ had the largest area of any free territory in 1850.
area freed by Missouri Compromise.
According to "Debating the Past: Did the Frontier Change Women's Roles?" most historians agree that frontier women worked ceaselessly in male-dominated families.
True.
In the controversy leading to the Webster-Ashburn Treaty, England's main goal was to
build a military road.
One significant aspect of life on the westward trail in the 1840's was that it
was especially taxing for women.
In the debates over the Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay's most famous argument was that
Slavery did not need to be prohibited by a Wilmot Proviso, because the facts of geography and climate prevented it's establishment in the southwest.