Martin Luther King Jr.
"I have a dream speech." Montgomery minister who led the non-violent civil rights movement starting with his leadship in the Montgomery Bus Boycott and SCLC.
The Chicago youth whose murder, for speaking to a white woman, angered the entire South.
A veteran of WWII serving in Normandy, a civil rights leader in Mississippi that helped blacks register to vote.
First African American to serve on the Supreme Court, Chief Counsel (lawyer) for the NAACP
Dwight D. Eisenhower
President of U.S. who sent in federal troops to Little Rock, Askansas to enforce the Supreme Court decision allowing the integration of public schools.
Eugene "BULL" Connor
Public safety director that used violence against peaceful demonstrators in Birmingham.
A sit-in organization leader that got the mayor of Nashville to admit that he believed segregation was morally wrong.
Governor of Mississippi who refused to obey a court order to integrate the University of Mississippi.
Governor of Alabama that said, "I say segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever."
President of the U.S .that pushed for the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
Required businesses and schools that received federal funding to recruit minorities and women.
Plessy v. Fergusan
Supreme Court Decision that allowed states to segregate public facilities.Separate but Equal Doctrine.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
Supreme Court decision that outlawed racial segregation in public schools.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Black voters were registered and black voting tripled in South as a result.
Federal officials could monitor elections and register qualified black voters.
A form of civil disobedience started by four African-America college students at a Woolworth's in North Carolina.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
First organized protest of African Americans against the racial rules of the South.
The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. Student organization that worked to end segregation and racism in the South.
Southern Christian Leadership Council. The organization committed to non-violent protest and was led by Martin Luther King Jr.
A small group of Senators continues to speak in order to prevent a vote on a bill - they refused to stop speaking.
The goal of the civil rights leaders was to draw attention to a problem and gain this.