The diet-planning principle that provides all the nutrients, fiber, and energy in amounts sufficient to maintain health is called
What are the principles of diet planning?
Adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety
The concept of nutrient density is most helpful in achieving what principle of diet planning?
Applying the principle of variety in food planning ensures the benefits of?
Dilution of harmful substances
What is among the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
Engage in regular physical activities
The consumption of 2000 kcalories per day is sufficient to meet the energy needs of most?
What describes the nutritional value of the fruits and vegetables in this menu?
A source of vitamin C is marginal
What meat alternatives would be the best nutrient choices for one day?
½ cup black beans, 2 tbsp peanut butter, 1 c spinach
Of the daily recommended intake of fruit servings, what maximum percentage may be supplied by fruit juice?
Which of the following is not characteristic of the USDA Food Guide?
Its nutrients of greatest concern include iron, chromium, and vitamin B12
Which of the following foods could help meet the iron needs of vegetarians who consume dairy
Legumes are used as meat alternatives for all of the following reasons except
They can be graded as prime, choice, and select.
Approximately how many kcalories more per day are needed by an average college-age student who is active compared with her inactive counterpart?
According to the principles of the USDA Food Guide, the foundation of a healthful diet should consist of?
Which of the following foods provides discretionary kcalories for the person on a weight reduction diet?
Canned pears in syrup
Which of the following foods' kcalories would be considered as part of one's discretionary kcalorie allowance?
Which of the following is not descriptive of MyPyramid?
A broad-based figure that conveys the message that grains should be abundant and form the foundation of a healthy diet
What is the assessment tool designed to measure how well a diet meets the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines and MyPyramid?
Healthy Eating Index
What is the main criticism of the use of the MyPyramid?
Not enough information is readily available because there is no text
Which of the following is a feature of the exchange list system?
All foods are grouped according to their content of carbohydrate, protein, and fats
The addition of calcium to some orange juice products by food manufacturers is most properly termed nutrient?
Which of the following is a characteristic of enriched grain products?
They have all of the added nutrients listed on the label
All of the following are features of the process of nutrient enrichment of flours except?
Fiber levels are similar to those in the whole grains.
Approximately how many years have grain products been subject to nutrient enrichment legislation?
Which of the following nutrients would be supplied in much greater amounts from whole-grain bread versus enriched bread?
Which of the following nutrients is not supplied in about the same amount by a slice of enriched bread compared with one from whole-grain bread?
What term describes a food that resembles and substitutes for another food but is nutritionally inferior to it?
According to food labeling laws, acceptable synonyms for nonfat milk include all of the following except?
Which of the following is a feature of U.S. laws governing information on food labels?
Nutrition labeling is not required on foods produced by small businesses or products produced and sold in the same establishment
According to nutrition labeling laws, what two minerals must be listed on the package label as percent Daily Value?
Calcium and Iron
All of the following are features of serving size information on food labels except?
Small bags of individually wrapped food items must contain only one serving.
Which of the following is a characteristic of food serving sizes?
Serving sizes on food labels are not always the same as those of the USDA Food Guide
Information that must be lawfully provided on food labels includes all of the following except?
The amount recommended for ingestion each day.
Food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as the?
Population groups such as sedentary older men, sedentary younger women, and active older women have a daily energy need (kcalories) of approximately?
On a food label, the "% Daily Value" table compares key nutrients per serving for a person consuming how many kcalories daily?
Which of the following is a feature of the Daily Values found on food labels?
They assist people in determining whether a food contains a little or a lot of a nutrient
A food label that advertises the product as a "rich source of fiber" is an example of a
Which of the following represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement?
This product contains whole grains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers
Which of the following is descriptive of the FDA's "A" list?
A series of unqualified health claims on food labels
Which of the following is a feature of the FDA's regulations of food label health claims?
There are four grades of health claim quality: A, B, C, and D
According to U.S. food labeling regulations, clear and convincing evidence has been found for all of the following health claims regarding nutrition and disease except?
Sugar and diabetes
Which of the following is a characteristic of structure-function claims on food labels?
They can be made without any FDA approval
According to the FDA, which of the following diet-health messages on food labels represents a qualified health claim?
Lipids and obesity
Which of the following are allowed in the diet of a lactovegetarian?
Milk products and plant foods only
Which of the following is a feature of people regularly eating meals based on tofu?
They have lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels than those eating meat
All of the following are documented benefits for people following a vegetarian diet except?
Lower rates of anemia
Which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition in vegetarians?
Vegetarians absorb iron more efficiently
For the most part, all of the following are advantages of vegetarian diets except?
Vitamin b12 is higher
Which of the following is a feature of vitamin B12 nutrition in vegetarians?
The vitamin B12 in fermented soy products may be present in inactive form