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Latin America Test Review
Terms in this set (42)
A crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower
Spanish explorer who conquered civilizations in the New World
A large increase in crop production in developing countries achieved by the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and high-yield crop varieties
The part of the American continents south of the United States in which Spanish, Portuguese, or French is officially spoken
A factory run by a U.S. company in Mexico on the border to take advantage of cheaper labor
An organization that promotes trade and economic cooperation among the southern and eastern countries of South America
An international trade agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico
A ship canal across the Isthmus of Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean by using a system of locks
The language of the Incas that is spoken in Peru, parts of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador
0-3000 feet "Hot Lands" warmest in the lowlands, high agriculture (bananas, rice, and sugar cane)
temperate land, lies about 3000 ft. the Days hot and nights cold, plains of Andes, Coffee and tobacco here
Which zone is found b/w 3,000 and 4,000 m and is characterized by low temperatures in which only the hardiest crops may be grown?
Which zone is found above approximately 5,000 m and consists entirely of rock, ice, and snow?
highest zone of all at 4,500 meters and above; zone of permanent snow and ice associated with the loftiest Andes peaks
What are the two agricultural techniques used in Latin America?
Terraced farming and Slash-and-burn
What are the developing countries in Latin America?
Bolivia, Paraguay, and Haiti
What physical feature explains why Bolivia and Paraguay are developing countries?
What are two newly industrialized countries in South America?
Brazil and Costa Rica
What are four industrialized countries in Latin America?
Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, and Mexico
What are some effects of the Columbian Exchange?
diseases came to the new world and killed the Native Americans, exchange of crops extended life expectancy, cultures began to converge
The Triangle Trade was between what three continents?
The Americas, Africa, and Europe
During colonization, Portugal claimed what country? What country claimed the remaining countries?
Portugal claimed Brazil and Spain claimed the remaining countries
What did colonization effect?
Religion and Language
Where did most Asians immigrate?
Suriname and Guyana
Why did most Asians immigrate to Latin America?
Economic opportunities and chain migration
Why are Latin Americans starting to emigrate to larger cities or to the United States?
What are some issues associated with urbanization in Latin America?
Urban sprawl, pollution, shantytowns (drugs and crime)
Where were the Aztecs located?
The Mexico City Area
Where were the Mayans located?
The Yucatan Peninsula
Where were the Incas located?
What did the Incas began to do in the Andes Mountain?
What is the primary language of Latin America?
Where do they speak Portuguese in Latin America?
Where do they speak French in Latin America?
Haiti and French Guiana
Where do they speak English in Latin America?
Uruguay, Puerto Rico, Belize, and Jamaica
What religion is most of Latin America?
Roman Catholic (some voodoo and animism in Caribbean)
What is Latin America's most popular sport?
Futbol (Baseball in the Caribbean)
When colonization began what type of political system was there?
Who are two revolutionaries in Latin America?
Simon Bolivar and San Martin
After colonization, Latin American countries became what type of political system?
After getting rid of dictatorships (except for Cuba), Latin American countries are mostly what two types of political systems?
Republics and Democracies
What is the reason for variety of climates and vegetation types found in Latin America?
Latitude and Elevation
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