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Race and Ethnic Stratification. Is it a question of color??


The division of people based on physical characteristics


The classification of people who share a common cultural, linguistic or ancestral heritage

Majority group

the group that has the largest population and holds a significant amount of power and privilege

Minority group

a group that has a smaller population and less power than the majority group


A minority group ruling over a majority group is almost always the result of _________.


is the imposition of control over a weak nation by a more powerful country.

Dominant group

the group that has the greatest power, but not necessarily the greatest numbers


discrimination based on a person's race


involves a complex combination of privilege, power, and oppression


refers to the attempt to destroy or exterminate a person based on their race or ethnicity

Hate groups

organizations that promote hostility or violence toward others based on race and other factors


the domination over a group of people by a superior force


the incorporation of one territory into another

Voluntary immigration

the willing movement of people from one society to another
- desire for a better life

Involuntary immigration

the forced immigration of people from one soceity to another
-enslaved Africans to the US

Migrant Superordination

the conquest of a native population by a more powerful group

Indigenous Superordination

subordination of an immigrant group to a dominant group

Pluralistic Minorities

groups that enter into an area voluntarily but seek to maintain their own culture while also integrating into the dominant groups

Assimilationist Minorities

groups that seek to shed their old ways and integrate themselves into what is considered mainstream society

Secessionist Minorities

groups that voluntarily separate themselves from the dominant group and view the dominant group with distain, believing that it will corrupt the group's belief system

Militant minorities

groups that seek to overthrow the existing system because they see it as unjust

Ethnic Enclaves

neighborhoods where people from similar cultures live together and assert cultural distinction from the dominant group


refers to negative attitudes about an entire category of people


simplified perceptions people have of an entire group that are usually based on false assumptions


the unfair treatment of people based on prejudice

Institutional discrimination

maintains the advantage for the dominant group, while providing the appearance of fairness to all


an unfair accusation against a person or group as the cause of a problem


Forced separation because of factors such as race, gender or ethnicity

Cycle of poverty

a generational barrier that prevents poor people from breaking into middle and upper classes

Symbolic interactionist

stress the importance of racial language in the creation of society

Color-blind racism

suggests that we often ignore institutional discrimination that applies to minorities

Double consciousness

the sense that a person must keep a foot in two worlds, one in the majority group's world, one in the minority group's world

Conflict Theorists

seeks to explain racial stratification by looking at power relations in the society


might ask how racism holds the socity together

Affirmative Action

a social policy designed to help minority groups gain opportunities through employment and education

Ethnic cleansing

refers to persecution through imprisonment, explusion, or murder of members of an ethnic minority by a majority to achieve ethnic homogeneity in majority-controlled territory

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