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36 terms

Chapter 10

Race and Ethnic Stratification. Is it a question of color??
STUDY
PLAY
Race
The division of people based on physical characteristics
Ethnicity
The classification of people who share a common cultural, linguistic or ancestral heritage
Majority group
the group that has the largest population and holds a significant amount of power and privilege
Minority group
a group that has a smaller population and less power than the majority group
colonialism
A minority group ruling over a majority group is almost always the result of _________.
colonialism
is the imposition of control over a weak nation by a more powerful country.
Dominant group
the group that has the greatest power, but not necessarily the greatest numbers
Racism
discrimination based on a person's race
Racism
involves a complex combination of privilege, power, and oppression
Genocide
refers to the attempt to destroy or exterminate a person based on their race or ethnicity
Hate groups
organizations that promote hostility or violence toward others based on race and other factors
Conquest
the domination over a group of people by a superior force
Annexation
the incorporation of one territory into another
Voluntary immigration
the willing movement of people from one society to another
- desire for a better life
Involuntary immigration
the forced immigration of people from one soceity to another
-enslaved Africans to the US
Migrant Superordination
the conquest of a native population by a more powerful group
Indigenous Superordination
subordination of an immigrant group to a dominant group
Pluralistic Minorities
groups that enter into an area voluntarily but seek to maintain their own culture while also integrating into the dominant groups
Assimilationist Minorities
groups that seek to shed their old ways and integrate themselves into what is considered mainstream society
Secessionist Minorities
groups that voluntarily separate themselves from the dominant group and view the dominant group with distain, believing that it will corrupt the group's belief system
Militant minorities
groups that seek to overthrow the existing system because they see it as unjust
Ethnic Enclaves
neighborhoods where people from similar cultures live together and assert cultural distinction from the dominant group
Prejudice
refers to negative attitudes about an entire category of people
Stereotypes
simplified perceptions people have of an entire group that are usually based on false assumptions
Discrimination
the unfair treatment of people based on prejudice
Institutional discrimination
maintains the advantage for the dominant group, while providing the appearance of fairness to all
Scrapegoat
an unfair accusation against a person or group as the cause of a problem
Segregation
Forced separation because of factors such as race, gender or ethnicity
Cycle of poverty
a generational barrier that prevents poor people from breaking into middle and upper classes
Symbolic interactionist
stress the importance of racial language in the creation of society
Color-blind racism
suggests that we often ignore institutional discrimination that applies to minorities
Double consciousness
the sense that a person must keep a foot in two worlds, one in the majority group's world, one in the minority group's world
Conflict Theorists
seeks to explain racial stratification by looking at power relations in the society
Functionalist
might ask how racism holds the socity together
Affirmative Action
a social policy designed to help minority groups gain opportunities through employment and education
Ethnic cleansing
refers to persecution through imprisonment, explusion, or murder of members of an ethnic minority by a majority to achieve ethnic homogeneity in majority-controlled territory