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Prolonged exposure of serum to the blood cells before the serum is removed from the clot can result in
increased serum phosphorus
A toxic neutrophil can be identified by all of the following characteristics, except
A Dohle body is identified with the Diff-Quik stain (modified Wright=Giemsa stain) as
a small, bluish-gray inclusion in a neutrophil cytoplasm
DIC is commonly represented by schistocytosis. The schistocytes are made when
fibrin strands cut the erythrocytes apart
A common finding on a stained blood smear from an animal with autoimmune hemolytic anemia is
What appears as a blue spheric nuclear remnant seen in some Wright-stained erythrocytes?
What is a non-nucleated, immature erythrocyte found in small numbers in the peripheral blood of dogs called?
Four purple-top tubes with blood samples from four different animals are left standing the laboratory. In what sample will the RBCs settle the fastest?
What would you expect to see on a Diff-Quik stained blood smear from an animal with regerative anemia?
What cell is described as a central rounded area of hemoglobin surrounded by a clear zone, with a dense ring of hemoglobin around the periphery?
What is the term used to describe the situation in which many of the erythrocytes stain varying shades of lavender?
Certain oxidant drugs can denature hemoglobin and cause production of round structures in erythrocytes called
What nucleated erythrocyte is the first one you'll see in peripheral blood if an animal has used all of its reserves of mature erythrocytes in the bone marrow?
If an erythrocyte loses part of its membrane but still remains intact, it will appear as a _____ on a stained peripheral blood smear.
An erythrocyte that does not contain its full amount of hemoglobin will appear as _____ on a stained peripheral blood smear.
What kind of problem may cause you to find cellular casts containing WBCs in the urine sediment of a dog?
pyelonephritis (kidney infection)
When performing urinalysis testing, the sample should be analyzed within ____ minutes or refrigeration is required.
For cytologic evaluation of urine, which of the following conditions must be observed?
the specimen should be centrifuged as soon as possible
In a healthy animal, diminished water intake or loss of water would result in ____ urine specific gravity.
Which of the following urine sediments would be most significant? (sperm, fat droplets, squamous epithelial cells, blood cells)
Which of the following would not be associated with ketones in the urine? (diabetes mellitus, lactating cows, starvation, hemolysis)
Normal numbers of erythrocytes and leukocytes in urine sediment should not exceed
3 to 5 per high power field
Changes that occur in the urine sample over time include all of the following except (bacterial overgrowth, decrease in pH, cellular degeneration, cast degeneration)
decrease in pH
Puddin, a 2yr old M/C DSH, was missing for 5 days before coming home. His owners were very concerned that he appeared weak and tired, so brought him to the clinic. You find on initial PE that he is significantly dehydrated so that you are not at all surprised when you find that his urine specific gravity is
Sadie, a 17yr old F/S DSH, is in the final stages of chronic renal failure. On presentation, you find her urine specific gravity to be
Which of the following test is considered accurate when using colorimetric dip sticks fo rbiochemical testing? (leukocytes, specific gravity, pH, nitrates)
All of the following methods of urine sample collection may be associated with traumatic hematuria, except (catheterization, manuel expression, free catch, cystocentesis)
Casts that are smooth and refractile with squared ends, indicating chronic, severe degeneration of the renal tubules are
Sasha, an 11yr old F/S DSH, was hospitalized for IV fluids following an infection. The vet tech on duty not paying attention to her fluids and she was significantly over hydrated. You would most likely expect her urine specific gravity to be
Ketonuria is most commonly associate with which of the following conditions? (liver disease, urinary tract infection, renal failure, diabetes mellitus)
Hoover was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection 2wks ago and was put on a course of amoxicillin. The vet has asked that he return for a recheck to ascertain that the infection has resolved. The collection method of choice in this pt would be? (catheterization, free catch, cystocentesis, manual expression)
The leukocyts and nitrate pads on urinary colorimetric stips give presumptive evidence that the pt may have
Aged urine samples left at room temp and exposure to UV light may cause a false-negative result in which of the following biochemical tests? (ketones, protein, glucose, bilirubin)
Mr. Downing has brough in a urine sample from Cleo, his 6yr old cocker spaniel. The color of urine appears red. On centrifugation of the sample, you find that the supernatant is now clear. You know that the original red color was due to
All of the following statements are true regarding collection of a urine sample via catheterization except
this is often better tolerated that cystocentesis
For determining specific gravity values, which is the order from most reliable to least reliable method?
refreactometer, urinometer, reagent test strip
Which of the following crystals is most likely to be found in the urine of an animal with ethylene glycol toxicity?
Which of the following is a typical specific gravity for dilute canine urine? (0.010, 3.055, 1.035, 1.010)
In order for glycosuria to occur which of the following must also be present? (uremia, hyperglycemia, ketonemia, azoturia)
Urine specific gravity is actually a measure of which of the following? (liver function, glomerular function, tubular function, bladder function)
A deformation of nuclei by other nuclei within the same cells or adjacent cells is referred to as
What hormone contracts the female reproductive tract to help move spermatozoa into the oviducts?
From the estrous cycle to parturition, in what order are the following hormones released
estrogen, progesterone, oxytocin
What is the relatively short period of quiescence (estrous inactivity) between estrous cycles in polyestrous animals?
What does the term multiparous mean?
having given birth to viable offspring in more than one gestation
In ruminants, the cotyledon of the placenta attaches to what structure on the uterus to form the placentome?
Enlargement of what structure is responsible for prolonged retention of the penis within the vagina during coitus in canines?
A cytologic sample collected with a cotton swab should be applied to a microscope slide with a ______ action.
Noncornified epithelial cells and erythrocytess are most commonly seen on a vaginal smear during what phase of the bitchs's cycle?
Which statement concerning queens and their reproductive behavior is most accurate?
queens are seasonally polyestruous, and coitus in necessary for ovulation
The correct classification of vaginal epithelial cells from the deepest layer near the basement membrane, progressing superficially to the layer near the vaginal lumen, is
basal, parabasal, intermediate, superficial
Name the stages of estrus that exhibits the following changes on the vaginal smear: epithelial cells type changes quickly to the noncornified cell, RBCs disappear completely, and WBCs appear in great numbers.
Which statement concerning vaginal cytology is false?
parabasal cells are larger than superficial cells
The fertile period is best identified using hormone assays for LH or progesterone? TRUE OR FALSE
Although false negatives are common with in-house BRUCELLA canis screening, false positives are rare? TRUE OR FALSE
The normal postpartum discharge is a red-black,nonodorous fluid that can be seen for a long as 3 weeks after queening? TRUE OR FALSE
Endometrial cytology should always be performed in conjuction with an endometrial culture to aid in interpretation of results? TRUE OR FALSE
Pregnancy examination in the mare is usually performed 21 days after ovulation with the aid of ultrasonography? TRUE OR FALSE
A retained placenta for more than 6 hours in duration requires veterinary attention?TRUE OR FALSE
Artificial insemination with fresh of cooled semen is commonly performed in the swine industry? TRUE OR FALSE
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