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17 terms

Understanding Psychology: Chapter Four vocab.

Understanding psychology chapter 4 Module 5
STUDY
PLAY
initiation rites
ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to new status or accepted into a new position
puberty
sexual maturation; the end of childhood and the point when reproduction is first possible
menarche
the first menstrual period
spermarche
period during which makes achieve first ejaculation
asynchrony
the condition during adolescence in which the growth of maturation of bodily parts is uneven.
rationalization
a process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or herself esteem.
identity crisis
a period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are
social learning theory
Bandura's view of human development; emphasizes interaction
clique
a small, exclusive group of people within a larger group
conformity
acting in accordance with some specified authority
anorexia nervosa
a serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self-starvation and dramatic weight loss
Bulimia nervosa
a serious eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse
gender identity
the sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual biologically belongs
gender role
the set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex
gender stereotype
an oversimplified or distorted generalization about characteristics of men and women
androgynous
combining or confusing traditionally male and female characteristics
gender schema
a set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave