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A negative feeling toward an individual based solely on his or her membership in a particular group
Unequal treatment of different people based on the groups or categories to with they belong
The process of sorting people into groups on the basis of characteristics they have in common
People who belong to a different group or category than we do. we assume that these members are more similar than ingroup members are to each other.
Outgroup Homogeneity Bias
The assumption that outgroup members are more similar to one another than ingroup members are to one another. we do not have as much exposure to outgroup members as we do to ingroup
Preferential treatment of or more favorable attitudes toward people in ones own group
Minimal Group Effect
The finding that people show favoritism toward in-group members even when group membership is randomly determined
Realistic Conflict Theory
The idea that competition over scarce resources leads to intergroup hostility and conflict
The finding that groups are more extreme and often more hostile than individuals
The idea that regular interaction between members of different groups reduces prejudices providing that it occurs under favorable conditions
The idea that blaming problems and misfortunes on outgroups contributes to negative attitudes toward these outgroups
The tendency for people to take credit for success but refuse blame for problems and failures
Lexical Decision Task
Deciding as quickly as possible whether a string of letters is a real word or not
The tendency to focus more on evidence that supports ones expectations than on evidence that contradicts them
A prediction that ensures the behavior it generates will come true. people would come to act like the stereotypes of other hold of them. have a baby face act innocent
A prediction that ensures by the behavior it generates that it will not come true. have a baby face act aggressive more likely to steal.
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