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35 terms

Greek Achievements

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Famous Philosophers
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Greek statues
Very realistic, studied bodies moving to get statues perfect
Greek painting
Realism and detailed, pictures on vases show scenes from myths, used black and red
The Parthenon
Temple in Athens on the acropolis, built by Pericles to honor Athena,
Columns in Parthenon
Made to bulge slightly in middle so they would look perfectly straight, simple design called Doric
Phidias
Considered to be greatest sculptor in Greece, made statue of Athena in Parthenon
Doric column
Simple design with no decoration at the top
Greek writing
Created dramas or plays, that were tragedy and comedy , and wrote about history
Neutral
Unbiased, not favoring either side in a conflict
Greek tragedy
Plays that were about hardships faced by Greek heroes, or bad mistakes, Aeschlyus and Sophocles wrote tragedies
Sophocles
Wrote tragedy about a Greek hero who killed his father by mistake
Greek Comedy
Made fun of people and ideas, Aristophenes wrote comedy
Aristophenes
He Wrote comedy to make serious points about war, courts of law and famous people
Aeschylus
Another person besides Sophocles who wrote Greek tragedies
Philosphers
People who believe in the power of the human mind to think, explain and understand life
Socrates
Most famous philosopher, teacher and thinker, sentenced to death by poison, taught by asked questions
Socratic method
A type of teaching that has teacher asking questions instead of just giving information, and asking more questions after you get answers
Plato
Student of Socrates, teacher and philosopher, created school The Academy, wrote The Republic, wanted society to be run by philosophers
The Academy
School created by Plato where students, philospohers anf scientists could discuss their ideas
The Republic
Written by Plato, it describes his idea of ideal society that was just and fair and run by philosophers because they understand whatis best for everyone
Aristotle
Greatest Greek thinker, student ofPlato, taught that people should live lives of moderation or balance, logic
Moderation
Idea of balance, Aristotle's idea to find balance between 2 extremes, basedon reason
Reason
Clear and ordered thinking
Logic
Process of making inferences, Aristotle's idea to get information from what you already know is true
Example of how logic works
if you know Socrates lives in Athens and Athens is in Greece, then logic says Socrates lives in Greece
Euclid
Worl's greatest Mathematician, made rules for Geometry still used today, lived in Alexandria in Egypt
Geometry
Study of lines angles and shapes
Hypatia
A woman who taught about math and astronomy
Hippocrates
Greek doctor who worked on figuring out what caused diseases, known for ideas of how doctors should behave - ethically
Hippocratic Oath
A pledge doctors say to behave ethically when they finish medical school
Archimedes
Greek scientist who invented water screw to help bring water from lower field to higher field
Two types of Greek drama
Tragedy and comedy
Thucydides
Greek historian, wrote about Peloponnesian War, in neutral voice, not favoring Athens, wanted people to learn from mistakes and avoid similar wars
Death of Socrates
He drank poison, was surrounded by friends, he was calm, they were very upset
Alexandria
City in Egypt that was a great center of learning