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6th Grade - Ancient Greece test
all of it
Terms in this set (44)
What is the Greek word for a city-state?
Where did sncient greeks meet and conduct business?
What kind of government is headed by one ruler?
In what lawmaking body did people vote on issues that helped to shape the future of the city?
what was the name of the conflict between athens and sparta and their allies?
Where do ships find a sheltered place along coast?
who hears evidence and makes decisions in a court of law?
What is the name for hte large hill around which Greek city-states were built?
what kind of government is run by a small group of people?
who has certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community?
In what form of government do people vote to make decisions?
If you wanted to search for wisdom and the right way to live, what would you study?
T/F Greece is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, the mediterranean Sea, and the Ionian Sea.
Athen's temple was called The Parthenon and it was located in the center of every city-state acropolis. T/F
F, not every the
the city-state of Athens was especially concerned with strengthening its military.
F not athens Sparta
As a result of the Peloponnesian Wars, no single polis kept in control of greece and the Golden Age came to an end.
An oligarchy is government by a small group of wealthy, powerful men.
Socrates was put to death for teaching young people to question their government and religion.
the Greeks believed in Monotheism
Only free men of sparta and Athens could be citizens of their polis.
The only people who had few rights in Ancient Greece were slaves.
F, and women
All Athenian and Spartans worshipped the gods, enjoyed stories of Homer and enjoyed the Olympic games.
The great philospoher who taught Alexander
a great Macedonian king who conqquered Greece and made it part of his empire
a poet whose works were part of the culture shared by all of Greece
An Athenian general during the Peloponnesian Wars
a philosopher who questioned Athenian Laws, customs and relgion
the Parthenon is
the temple that honors Athena in Athens
the lawmaking body of the government is
Greece had many places along the coast that was shelter for thier boats called
A group of citizens chosen to decide court cases was the
In ancient Greece, women and slaves were not allowed to
A large hill where citizens go for safely is
Land that is nearly surrounded by water is a
A central area in a Greek city that was used as both a marketplace and a meeting place is
Another name for a Greek city-state is the
the seach for wisdom and the right way to live is
Tell the difference between a monarchy, olgarchy, and a democracy.
A monarchy is when it is ruled by one person ( a king or queen. An oligarchy is when is ruled by a small group of wealthy men. A democracy is when people to make decisions and vote to choose their peole to run their municipality or country.
What were the Peloponnesian Wars? Who won, and why was Greece left open to threats from invaders?
the Peloponnesian Wars were between Athens, Sparta and their allies.Sparta won. Greece was open to invaders because everyone was weakened by the war. Since everybody was weakened , no polis was more powerful than an other.
Who was Alexander the Great? wht si he do that spread greek culture to other parts of the Mediterranean world?
Alexander the reat was a twenty year old macedonian king. He spread Greek culture by conquering land and building it as a Greek polis. he did this because he was facinated by the Greeks.
Describe the city of /Alexandria in northern Egypt.
The city of Alexandria was located on the western edge of the nile Delta. It was layed out like a greek polis. It had an agora, theater, stadium, several temples and a gymnassium.
HOw might the geography of Greece have led to the development of many separate city-states rather than a single united empire?
there were many separated city states and couldn't be a united empire because the city states were so spread out. The geography of Greece that led to this was there were so many islands and mountains.
Give two ways Athens and Sparta are alike and two ways they are different.
Athens and Sparta both specialized in one kind of military (army,navy). they both believed in polythesm. Athens had a democracy while Aparta had an oligarchy. Athenian youths studied to be philosophers while spartan yourths trained to be solders.
List eight legacies from the Ancient Greeks.
Philosophy, liturature , math, science, art, Olympic games, theater, democracy.
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