The beginnings of the religion Islam and its followers, Muslims.
southwest corner of Asia
shaped by the wind, rise to 800 feet high & stretch for miles
wet, fertile area in a desert
group of traders traveling together
means "to submit to God"
man who brought a new religion to Arabia
tribe of people who moved around the desert living in tents
to journey to a sacred place; muslims must go on their hajj to Mecca
holy book of Islam; exact word of Allah (God) told to Muhammad
holy month of fasting
refers to the way Muhammad lived and provides a model for duties and the way of life for Muslims
Five Pillars of Islam
first duties of a Muslim;
1. Proclaim "there is no God, but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet."
2. Pray 5 times a day and visit a mosque on Friday
3. Give alms to the needy
4. Fast from sunrise to sunset during the month of Ramadan.
5. Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your lifetime.
Islamic law, judges the rightness of actions an individual or community might take
chosen as leader of Islam after the death of Muhammad
Capital of Islamic empire during 762
title given to the muslim leader
slave soldiers, converted to Islam and became strong warriors
led Ottomans to conquer Constantinople in 1453
Turkish Muslims from Central Asia
muslims who thought only descendants of Muhammad could become caliphs
ruled over Spain for 700 years
group who doesn't think caliphs have to be related to Muhammad
tomb built between 1631 & 1647 by Emperor Shah Jahan
muslim scholars in Baghdad & Cordoba translated ancient writings to this language
1320, the explorer who traveled to Africa, India, China, & Spain
the muslims greatest advance
doctor in Baghdad learned/discovered how to treat this disease