Dshs chapter 9 vocabulary review biology
Terms in this set (20)
Enzymes that cut DNA molecules when they identify specific nucleotides sequences.
An electrical curve is used to separate a mixture of DNA fragments from each other.
Shows the lengths of DNA fragments between restriction sites in a strand of DNA.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
A technique that produces millions or even billions of copies of a specific DNA sequence in just a few hours.
A short segment of DNA that acts as the starting point for a new strand.
A representation of parts of an individual's DNA that can be used to identify a person at the molecular level.
A genetically identical copy of a gene or of an organism.
The change of an organisms DNA to give the organism new traits.
DNA that contains genes from more than one organism.
Bacteria that have tiny rings of DNA
An organism that has one or more genes from another organism inserted into its genome
Allows gene function to be revealed
The study of genomes, which can include the sequencing of all of an organisms DNA
Determines the order of DNA nucleat ides in gene or in genomes
The use of computer data bases to organize and analyze biological data.
Human genome project
Identifies all of the genes within the sequence
Tools that allow scientists to study many genes and their expression, at once
The study and comparison of all the proteins that result from an organisms genome
The process of testing DNA to determine a persons risk of having or passing on a genetic disorder
The replacement of a defective or missing gene, or the addition of a new gene, into a persons genome to treat a disease
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