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empires and states in 1500

Aztec Empire

# 14 lead by emperor Montezuma, the _____ dominated central Mexico until Cortes and the Spanish conquistadors took over


# 12 West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591.


#15 Mesoamerican civilization of Central America and southern Mexico. Achievements include mathematics, architecture, and a 365 day a year calendar


K - capital city of the Aztec empire,located where Mexico city stands now


# 13 located in Andes Mts. of South America
capital of Cuzco strong central government with a king as ruler advanced system of highways (roads and bridges)

Mughal Empire

#10 - The Taj Mahal was built under Shah Jahan, who brought this empire to the brink of bankruptcy.


D - capital of Russia


M - a city in central Mali near the Niger river

Ottoman Empire

#7 - Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300's to 1922., Called "the sick man of Europe"


J - capital city of the Incan Empire, Located in present-day Peru


#2 - home of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Voltaire, Baron de Montesquieu, a republic in western Europe


peninsular region of southeastern Europe that became known as the "powder keg" (#7 in Europe)


F - Italy's leading cultural center during Renaissance; important for trade and commerce; dominated by the Medici's


#4 - a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula


C - capital and largest city of Italy


E - capital of the Ottoman Empire; named this after 1453 and the sack of Constantinople.


L - the capital and largest city of Iran; Conference held in Iran. First "Big Three" conference (FDR, Churchill, Stalin) - agreed to coordinate actions in WWII.


B - Capital city of Iraq. As heart of the Arab Empire, it was second only to Constantinople in terms of size and grandeur in 1000 C.E.

Safavid Empire (Persia)

#8 - Shi'ite Muslim dynasty that ruled in Persia between the 16th and 18th centuries


#11 - "Land of the Rising Sun", chain of islands that stretches north to south in the northern Pacific Ocean

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