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B.F. Skinner

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Skinner's laboratory research at Harvard consisted exclusively of experiments with
non-human animals
Skinner's scientifc behaviorism assumes that
human behavior is subject to the laws of science
In his philosophy of science, Skinner
attempted to discover the conditions under whichthe behavior can be described, predicted, and controlled
Operant conditioning is distinguished from classical conditioning primarily in that operant conditioning involves
immediate reinforcement of a response
Skinner called any stimulus within the environment that strengthens behavior a
reinforcer
any behavior that tends to reduce or avoid conditions that are detrimental to the survival of the oraganism is
negativey reinforced
Skinner defines negative reinforcement as any conditions that,
when removd from a situation, increases the probability that a given behavior will occur
Negative and positive reinforcement are alike in that they
strength the behavior they folloe
In his philosophy of science, Skinner
attempted to discover the conditions from classical conditioning primarily in that operant conditions under which behavior can be described, predicted, and controlled.
Operant conditioning is distinguished from classical conditioning in that operant conditioning
immediated reinforcement of a response
Skinner called any stimulus within the environment that strength behavior a
reinforcer
Unlike punishment, reinforcement
provides a person with information as to what behavior is desired
Payment by price rate most closely approximates ___ schedule of reinforcement
fixed-interval
Which schedule would cost the experimenter the most reinforcement for the least number uf resoinses
continuous
For humans, playing slot machinces best illustratesthe influence of __ schedule of feinforcement
variable-ratio
Payment by salary or wage most closely approximates ___ schedule of reinforcement
fixed-interval
According to Skinner, as a species, human behavior is shaped by
the contingencies of survival
For Skinner natural selection
is probablyresponsible for some human behavior
concerning emotions, Skinner DID NOT believe
a large percentage of human behaviors are the result of emotions
Skinner viewed the unhealthy personality as
means of coping with excessive social control
For Skinner, inappropriate behavior is shaped by
CONTINGENCIES OF POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT, CONTINGENCIES OF NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT, AND THE EFFECTS OF PUNISHMENT
what Freud saw as unconsciously motivated defense mechanisms, Skinner viewed as
inappropriate behaviors shaped by environmental contingencies
skinner's view of humanity can be bes described as
humanistic
skinner believed that people
can design a society that will produce psychologically healthy personalities
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