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a reference to another work of literature, person, or event


a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage


a secondary situation and conflict less important than the main plot of the story


a humorous play on words


a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections


a (usually long) dramatic speech by a single actor


the dishonoring of a husband by adultery on the part of his wife

Taboo words

words of such strong affective connotations that they cannot be used in polite discourse

Venereal references


Unusual metaphor

The use of a word in a context that differs from its proper application.


representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature


a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')


substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')


the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning


representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature


Words which have been misused for comic effect


conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')


the final resolution of the main complication of a literary or dramatic work

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