What was Russia like 1860-1914
Backwards: Rural, agricultural, serfdom
Considered a threat only because of its size - stretched from Europe across Asia to Pacific Ocean
Repressive absolute monarchy under the Romanovs:tough rulers, very conservatives
"Orthodoxy, Autocracy(one ruler with all the power), Nationalism"
Similar in situation to Austrian and Ottoman Empires
Ignored liberalism and nationalism (other than Russian)