A group of Germanic tribes who flooded into the Roman Empire and later revolted, weakening the empire.
Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul and established a great empire during the Middle Ages; wanted to unite all Germanic tribes
A Frankish line founded by Clovis I that reigned in Gaul and Germany from about 500 to 750
Germanic king who was first to unite all Germanic kingdoms under one rule; converted to Christianity
Mayor of the Palace
Frankish official who held power in government; performed all the official duties of the kingdom
Do Nothing Kings
Nickname, earned by the Merovingian kings due to their lack of prestige and accomplishments
Carolingian monarch of Franks; responsible for defeating Muslims in battle of Tours in 732; ended Muslim threat to western Europe
Battle of Tours
(732 AD) Frankish Christians defeat Muslim invaders and stop the spread of Islam into Europe
Pepin the Short
Frankish King who defeated the Lombards and gave their land to the Pope; territory became the Papal States.
Germanic people who had settled in northern Italy and were pushing south, threatening Rome; crushed by Charlemagne
Donation of Pepin
The gift of land given by Pepin the Short to the pope after defeating the Lombards
Charlemagne (Charles the Great)
King of the Franks who conquered much of Western Europe, great patron of literature and learning
A Frankish courtier and dedicated servant of Charlemagne, of whom he wrote his famous biography
Period of intellectual, cultural, and economic revival occurring in the late eighth and ninth centuries, with the peak of the activities occurring during the reigns of both Charlemagne and Louis the Pious.
Alcuin of York
A respected scholar who hired other scholars to teach at Charlemagne's schools; he also established a curriculum
Charles the Bald
Grandson of Charlemagne who, upon his [Charlemagne's] death, received the western part of the empire (modern-day France and Benelux)
Grandson of Charlemagne who, upon his [Charlemagne's] death, inherited the Middle Kingdom (modern-day Italy) and became Holy Roman Emperor.
Louis the German
Grandson of Charlemagne who, upon his [Charlemagne's] death, inherited the East Saxon Kingdom (modern-day Germany and Belgium)
A political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service