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19 terms

Greece Unit Test

STUDY
PLAY
Polis
Greek word for city-state
Metic
a foreigner or person from another city-state in Athens; 12% of population
Council of 500 people
randomly chosen citizens to interpret the law: decide guilt or innocence
Assembly
all citizens of Athens; met every nine days to vote on proposed laws
Economy
ATHENS: most people were farmers
People traded items with people within the city-state
Coins made trading easier allowed the purchase of any product
Sanctuary
Sacred places for people praying to the gods to pray
Acropolis
A flat topped fortified hill in the middle of Athens- Parthenon sat on top (could be seen by everyone)
Parthenon
60 foot high temple built to honor Athena- most beautiful building in Ancient Greece
Darius
Persian leader during the battle of marathon
Xerxes
Persian leader during the battle of thermopolae
Hippocrates
Doctor who thought that there were other causes than the gods for things that happened
Hippocratic oath still used today
King Philip II
Alexander the greats father
Alexander The Great
King Philip II son fought with his soldiers conquered Persia and greece
Aristotle
One of the leading Greek Philosopher others were PLATO AND THALES
Minoans
Great Farmers
Great Naval Merchant fleet
Minoan Women had plenty of rights (sports hunting ect..)
Natural disasters eventually destroyed Minoans (tidal waves volcanic eruptions ASH)
Mycenaeans
Had few natural resources (caused a lot of trade and war to get food)
WARLIKE
Tyranny
Government leader who took power by force; rules single handedly
Tragedy
a sad play where hero is brought to ruin by flaw
Dorians
Invaded and conquered the Mycenaeans and Minoans leading Greece into it's DARK AGE