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USHH chap 13 studyguide

Terms in this set (31)

I believe that Andrew Jackson should not be considered a great president of the United States. He had many questionable moral standards causing him to be looked at as a poor president of the US.
Andrew Jackson was a man devoted to sectionalism and racism in the US. His policies as president were based off of white men in the southern and western region of the US. In today's society, he would be looked at as a terrible man, because of his extreme ideas and racial ideas.
One of Andrew Jackson's "greatest" accomplishments was taking Florida and the lands west of Georgia for the US. Andrew Jackson's acts to allow the Native Americans to move west, away from US expansion was considered by many to be a courteous move for the Native Americans. In reality, this journey for the Native American's was brutal. More than 1 of every four Native American's that started the journey would die during the long march to the new reserve. This horrible mistreatment should immediately cause Andrew Jackson to be taken out of the category of America's premier presidents.
Andrew Jackson also had problems within his own staff. When Jackson's Vice President Calhoun disagreed with the policies of Jackson, he left his post and went back to South Carolina. HE then started a nullification movement in South Carolina. This lack of order within the top advisors of Jackson's staff shows his lack of strong leadership. His threats to hang Calhoun also show his harsh ways.
Although many people liked him and he brought many new ideas to the whit e house and the American government, Andrew Jackson's horrible mistreatment of Native Americans and poor moral standards keep him from being a great president. I believe that he is not even in the top half of the list of the greatest presidents in US history.
By the 1820's, Georgians had become alarmed over the failure of the United States to fulfill its obligations under the contract of 1802. Not only had a majority of Cherokees failed to remove West, but those who remained had set themselves upon a deliberate program of "civilization" on the white man's terms. Accepting the Jeffersonian ideal of the individual farmer, the Cherokees established successful farms, multiplied their livestock, began educating their children in missionary schools, and eventually, in 1827, developed a full-scale republican political organization with institutions patterned directly upon those of the United States. They adopted a written Constitution, and were soon to develop their own written language and alphabet and establish their own press. Every step toward "civilization" intensified their interest in retaining their homeland. News from the Cherokees in the West was discouraging about prospects there. Suspicions about treaties were heightened by some irregularities in the lines drawn in the most recent treaty of 1817, which ceded away Cherokee lands in proportion to those who emigrated west.

Cherokee "progress" was interpreted, unsympathetically, by land-hungry Georgians as "permanence." In the 1820's they began to put increasing pressure on the federal government to live up to its commitment under the 1802 compact. Presidents Monroe and John Quincy Adams were sympathetic to the basic idea of removal of all Indian tribes including the Cherokees, to the West, but their negotiations with the Cherokees failed to achieve major change and left Georgians intensely dissatisfied. In 1828, Andrew Jackson made Indian removal one of his major campaign issues, gaining heavy support in the south and West, not the least of which came from Georgia. With his inauguration in 1829, the process of Indian removal, particularly as it affected the Cherokees, entered a new stage.