Ferguson v. City of Charleston
* Is it constitutional to test pregnant mothers for drug use for law-enforcement purposes? The court says no.
* State hospital has pregnant mothers undergo mandatory drug testing. If a mother tests positive for drugs twice, then the results are given to local law enforcement for prosecution.
* It is argued that this policy is an unreasonable search and seizure absent patient consent.
* The court finds that warrantless searches are only justified if the state has a special, non-law enforcement purpose (e.g. public health, police power). In this case, however, the searches had the ultimate goal of providing information to law enforcement, and the testing policy was therefore declared unconstitutional, assuming that informed consent was not given.
* If consent had been given, however, the policy could be constitutional.