The molecule that serves as the major source of readily available fuel for neurons and blood cells is____________.
____________ _______________must meet all the body's amino acid requirements for maintenance and growth.
________________is a stabilizing component of plasma membranes and is the parent molecule of steroid hormones.
Biochemical reactions involved in building cell molecules or breaking down molecules for energy.
The primary function of___________ ___________is to break down food molecules and generate ATP.
A catabolic reaction based upon the conversion of glucose into two molecules of pyruvic acid.
In the case of a person who consumes a normal, balanced diet, proteins are essential to the body for all but the production of_________.
Eggs, milk, yogurt, meat, and fish are all considered good sources of__________ ____________.
The term _________ _________reflects the energy the body needs to perform only its most essential activities.
Oxidation-reduction reactions are catalyzed by the enzymes ________________and______________.
Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transport chain, and oxidative phosphorylation describes the pathway of __________ ____________.
_____________includes the reactions in which larger molecules or structures are built from smaller ones.
The process of breaking triglycerides down into glycerol and fatty acids is known as_____________.
_________________is the process in which glucose is formed from noncarbohydrate precursors such as glycerol and amino acids.
In gluconeogenesis, during the postabsorptive state, amino acids and__________are converted to glucose.
Conditions that promote the oxidative deamination and energy use of amino acids include excessive amounts of_________in the diet.
The hydrolysis of glycogen to release free glucose or glucose 1-phosphate. (catabolic)
Maintenance of a constant internal body temperature independent of the environmental temperature.
G6P, PGAL,Pyruvic Acid, Acetyl CoA, Citric Acid is the metabolic order of intermediates in__________ and aerobic respiration.
Of all the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis, most is produced by the_________ __________.
Carbohydrates are found in blood glucose, liver glycogen, muscle glycogen, and in the oligosaccharides in the glycocalyx, but not in the _____________in the cell walls.
The ____vitamins are coenzymes that assist enzymes by transferring electrons from one metabolic reaction to another.
Many_________ _________function as electrolytes and govern the function of nerve and muscle cells, osmotically regulate the content and distribution of water in the body, and maintain blood volume.
_________one of the intermediates of glucose oxidation, can be converted to glycerol by lipogenesis.
As glucose and amino acids enter the citric acid cycle by way of acetyl-CoA, the acetyl-CoA can also be diverted to make_________ _________.