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APES vocab from Friedland and Relyea

inbreeding depression

decrease in fertility and survival because of inbreeding

alien species

species that do not naturally occur within an area and that have usually arrived in the area as a result of human intervention (whether deliberate or accidental) [i.e. honey bees, red foxes, green iguanas]

invasive species

species that enter new ecosystems and multiply, harming native species and their habitats [i.e. iguanas, cockroach, princess tree]

red list

A list of worldwide threatened species maintained by the International Union for Conservation of Nature


Developed in 1973 to control international trade of threatened plants and animals.

Lacey Act

passed in 1900, the act prohibites the trade of illegally harveted game animals, primarily bids and mammals across state lines

convention on biological diversity

1992- an international treaty that aims to conserve biodiversity, sustainably use biodiversity, and equitably share the benefits of commercial use of genetic resources such as drugs. They identified the scary extinction trends in 2002.

biosphere reserves

Protected areas divided into zones with different purposes

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