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Roger Sperry

Split-brain surgery to help epilepsy

Jean Piaget

four stages of COGNITIVE development - sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete, Formal.
Some People Can't Fart

Erik Erikson

eight stages of SOCIAL development

Lawrence Kohlberg

three stages of MORAL development (not very valid)

Konrad Lorentz

Imprinting studies. baby animals' survival mechanism

Jerome Kagan

In-born temperament may explain many behaviors

Harry Haslow

importance of physical touch over nourishment in monkeys (the monkey guy)

Mary Ainsworth

Secure infants have good bonds with mothers and vice versa

Eleanor Gibson

visual cliff experiment- depth perception cues are innate

Hubel and Weisel

Monkeys have feature detectors to aid in visual processing

Ernest Hilgard

"hidden observer" - some subconscious control during hypnosis

Ivan Pavlov

classical conditioning

Robert Rescorla

conscious connections between CS and UCS in classical conditioning

John B. Watson

controversial Little Albert classical conditioning experiment

B. F. Skinner

Skinner Box- operant conditioning

Albert Bandura

Bo-Bo Doll experiment- children imitate antisocial behavior

Wolfgang Kohler

insight in apes when they used a stick to grab a banana they couldn't reach


modern IQ formula-metal age/chronological age x 100

David Wechsler

modern IQ tests- specialized subtests and use of factor analysis

James Lange

physical before cognitive

Cannon Bard

emotions and cognitive at the same time


emotions have both a physical and cognitive component

Maslow and Rogers

Humanistic perspective and therapy

Aaron Beck

Cognitive theory

Albert Ellis

rational emotive therapy (RET) is Cognitive

Eysenck and Myers-Briggs

Personality tests to validate Trait perspective


General Adaptation Syndrome (stress responses)

Solomon Asch

line test- group conformity

Stanley MIlgram

Conformity test to show the power of an authority figure

Muzafer Sherif

Co-operation among decisive groups when they had shared goals

Elizabeth Loftus

misinformation effect in memory studies

Martin Seligmans

learned helplessness experiment- external locus of control (in dogs)

Carol Gilligan

gender differences: males=accomplishments and females=relationships

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