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Design or composition
process; the act or organizing the visual elements to effect a desired aesthetic on a work of art
How artists create compositions
(1.) consciously draw upon design principles. (2.) choose to consciously violate them.
Unity (and its relationship with variety)
oneness or wholeness; a work of art achieves this when its parts seem necessary to the composition
Ways to achieve Unity
Grid, Color harmony, Continuity; Keeping one or more aspects of the works constant
refers to the distribution of weight in art; the actual or apparent weight int the elements of a composition
variations to the right and left side of the composition are more than slight, yet there remains an overall sense of balance; right and left sides of a composition bear visibly different shapes, colors, textures, or other elements and yet the are arranges or "weighted" in such a way that the work feels balanced
pure or formal symmetry; everything in a composition to either side of an actual or imaginary line is the same
the elements on either side of a diagonal line dividing the composition are visually equal
design elements radiate from the center point; frequently used in ceramics, jewelry, basketry, stained glass, and other crafts
How emphasis creates a focal point
some feature of a work normally captures the viewer's attention; artists use emphasis to focus the viewer's attention
How to create a focal point
Accentuate certain shapes; Intensify colors; use directional line; strategically place objects and images; isolate an object or subject
Regular repetition; orderly progressions; rhythm can move a viewer visually as well as emotionally; repetitive pattern can be used to lead the eye over the landscape of the work
refers to size; the relative size of an object compared to other objects of its kind, its setting, or human dimensions
Used as a way of indicating importance; BIGGER=MORE IMPORTANT; often used in ancient and medieval art
Distortion of scale
alerts the viewer's sense of scale, creating visual shock and humor; can challenge the viewer to rethink the subject and the historical aspects of the object
The Canon of proportions
a set of rules about the body parts and their dimensions relative to one another that became the standard for creating the ideal figure
Golden mean or the golden section
the small part of a work should relate to a larger part of the work as the larger part relates to the whole
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