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1861 Emancipation of Serfs
One of Alexander II action, started Redemptive Dues and changed the economy towards more industrial.
To the People Movement/Mad Summer of 1874
Intelligentsia went to the peasants to discuss their revolution plans. Plan backfires and intelligentsia members get arrested.
George Plekhanov/Liberation of Labor
Started Marxist movement while in exile in Geneve/ one of the fractions of the Narodnichestvo Movement
Alexander Ilyich Ulyanov/Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
two revolutionary brothers-Hanged for assassination Alexander II/ Lenin
Russian Social Democratic Workers Party
Founded in Minsk,1893. Meeting in 1903 splints party into 2 groups. Bolsheviks vs Mensheviks
Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
Losing war for Rus. enemy had major naval advantage that destroyed Rus. Navy. Ended by US treaty.
Father Gapon/Bloody Sunday
Police Agent who led workers to red square to ask for a raise/ The mass killing of workers at red square by guards.
Soviet of Workers Deputies 1905 & 1917
A group of factory workers that set up legislature/ a massive strike led by Leon Trotsky.
October Manifesto 1905
Tsar Nicholas issued laws of liberal citizenship (duma) just like US bill of rights.
Lenins return from exile in germany, gives speech to the people- take charge and be a socialist.
Peace, Bread, and Land/ Power to the soviets
Take Rus out of war/ food for everyone/ split up land of nobility . Don't listen to Provision government.
Military leader-wanted to take military control of Rus and get out of war. "Train accident" by workers party.
Council of People's Commissars (SOVNARKOM)
The government that is set up after the fall of the Romanov Dynasty and previsionary government.
government buying food from peasants at a fixed price/ taking over of industry by state.
On Party Unity
Develop Democratic Centralism- no organized group to voice opinions. Eliminated war communism with NEP.
Party Congress elects Central Committee elects Politburo
"Soviets" come to party congress for election of collective leadership who is a small group who chooses the Gensec.
State owned land to family/ is the basis for the rapid heavy industrialization. part of the five year plan.
Bureaucracy that controlled everything in state/people. ex.. art and literature was about state, family was to reproduce for state
Socialism in one Country
Socialism should stay in Russia and not be a peoples movement, only soviet.
German-Soviet nonaggression treaty
1939 agreement between Nazi Germany and USSR. Secretly spilt up baltic states.
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