chapter 17 atmosphere test
Terms in this set (59)
separated into layers of different gases
artificial satellites orbit in the ______
thinnest air (very thin air)
temperature increases upwards
thermosphere and stratosphere
end of the mesosphere
protects from meteoroids
decreasing temperature upwards
mesosphere and troposphere
end of stratosphere
end of troposphere
80% of total mass of atmosphere
layer that we live in
layer that contains ozone layer
most common gas in our atmosphere
harmful energy from the sun
chemical compounds that pollute the atmosphere
energy is transferred when molecules bump into each other in _____
cycle in which air is warmed, warm air rises, air is cooled, and cooled air sinks
all water on the Earth's surface
water vapor changing into a liquid
water changing from a liquid to a gas
produced by the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
transfer of heat within liquids and gases (fluids)
layer that has electrically charged particles that reflect radio waves
the state of the atmosphere at any given time or place
________ helps describe a place or a region
found when observations of weather are collected over a long period of time
how is ozone formed?
chemical reaction between ultraviolet radiation and oxygen (O+O2= O3)
______ is the energy transferred from one object to another due to their difference in temperatures
_____________ is the measure of kinetic energy of the individual atoms or molecules in a substance
can travel through the emptiness of space
travels in all different directions
any factor that causes temperature to vary from place to place and time to time
temperature control examples
altitude, geographic location, cloud cover, ocean currents
why do clouds reflect back a lot of sunlight into space?
they have a high albedo
does land or water heat faster?
does land or water cool faster?
a molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms
the redirecting (in all directions) of light by small particles and gas molecules in the atmosphere
what is the result of scattering?
more light rays with weaker intensity
heating of earth's surface and atmosphere from solar radiation being absorbed and emitted by the atmosphere, mainly by water vapor and carbon dioxide
a line connecting points of equal temperature
how many oxygen atoms does each molecule of ozone have?
how much nitrogen and oxygen make up in clean, dry air?
nitrogen makes up ____ of clean dry air
oxygen makes up ____ of clean dry air
why is the ozone layer important?
it filters UV radiation
the lower the angle the sun is shining at a place the ________ the temperature
the higher the angle the sun is shining at a place the ________ the temperature