Final review

Notes, outlines, etc.
1. _____ was the commanding general of U.S. forces in Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
A. Malcolm X
B. William Westmoreland
C. Harry Truman
D. Dwight D. Eisenhower
E. Douglas MacArthur
B. William Westmoreland
2. Put the following events in chronological order.
____ The Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
____ U.S. combat troops are sent to fight in Vietnam.
____ The Supreme Court delivers its Brown vs. Board of Education ruling.
____ The stock market crashes
____ The atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima
_2__ The Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor (1941)
__5_ U.S. combat troops are sent to fight in Vietnam.
__4_ The Supreme Court delivers its Brown vs. Board of Education ruling. (1954)
_1__ The stock market crashes
__3_ The atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima (1945)
Median wealth, and the gap between white and black households, is one of the clearest examples of the enduring impact of Jim Craw discrimination and its economic impact; the history lives in present day figures.
T or F
Median Wealth Ratios, 1984 to 2009: in 1984 the median white wealth is 12 times that of blacks, and in 2009 median white wealth is 19 times that of blacks.
T or F
Between years 1974 and 2011, the white annual unemployment rates have never exceeded 8%, where black annual unemployment rates have almost always been above 8%.
T or F
Author Robert McNamara, in his book "In Retrospect", examines the possibilities, and various outcomes, of withdrawing from the Vietnam War at earlier times.
T or F
By the end of November, 1929, the stock market was at its lowest.
T or F
What percentage of Americans could not support themselves due to unemployment and underemployment?
In 1932 WWI vets marched in DC to demand early payment for their services (which was promised to them by 1945). What was the name of this march and were the vets granted their payment?
The Bonus March of 1932; they were denied payment. Hoover sends troops out to move the bonus marchers.
Who what elected president in the elections of 1932?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
FDR served 12 of his 16 years in office, was president during the Great Depression and WWII, and his wife Eleanor made a big impact on America.
T or F
Which president came out with the New Deal?
International causes of the Great Depression. There are two:
1. American Isolationism and economic self interest
2. Treaty of Versailles and the ramifications of it
Domestic causes of the Great Depression. At least seven:
1. Overproduction (farm and manufactured products)
2. Oligopolies; reduced competition
3. Gap between rich and poor
4. Underconsumption
5. Credit
6. Layoffs
7. Stock market crash (How did this happen? Impact?)
8. Other?
FDR: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
a government system that insured the accounts of individual depositors.
FDR: The Glass-Steagall Act
barred commercial banks from becoming involved in the buying and selling of stocks. (helped prevent a depression until Clinton was in office and ended the act)
Primary New Deal agency established by FDR. The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.
National Recovery Administration (NRA)
FDR: Established by Congress in March 1933, this set unemployed young men to work on projects like forest preservation, flood control, and the improvement of national parks and wildlife preserves. By the time the program ended in 1942, more than 3 million persons had passed through CCC camps, where they received government wages of $30 per month. (men ages 15 - 18)
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
Created by the NRA, and with approx. $3.3 billion, this built roads, schools, hospitals, and other public facilities, including NYC's Triborough Bridge and the Overseas Highway between Miami and Key West, Florida.
Public Workers Administration (PWA)
FDR: Another agency launched, employing more than 4 million persons in the construction of highways, tunnels, courthouses, and airports. Later dissolved by FDR due to creating a class of Americans permanently dependent on government jobs.
Civil Works Administration (CWA)
Another product of the Hundred Days: authorized the federal government to try to raise farm prices by setting production quotas for major crops and paying farmers not to plant more. Succeeded in significantly raising farm prices and incomes, but only benefited property-owning farmers.
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
A Second New Deal agency employing millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads, and operated large arts, drama, media, and literacy projects.
Works progress Administration (WPA)
Another major initiative of the Second New Deal, also known as "Labor's Magna Carta", brought democracy into the American workplace by empowering the National Labor Relations Board to supervise elections in which employees voted on union representation. Also outlawed "unfair labor practices," including the firing and blacklisting of union organizers.
Wagner Act
The centerpiece of the Second New Deal, it created a system of unemployment insurance, old age pensions, and aid to the disabled, the elderly poor, and families with dependent children. Launched American version of the welfare state. Later emerged as a hybrid of national and local funding, control, and eligibility standards - old age pensions were administered nationally but paid for by taxes on employers and employees. Represents a dramatic departure from the traditional functions of government.
Social Security Act of 1935
LON and Japan
Japan draws from League because the UN gave aid to China when Japan invaded China in 1931
LON and Italy
LON dismisses Italy after Mussolini rose to power and turned the nation into a fascist nation.
LON and Germany
Hitler rises to power, overthrows democracy, and takes Germany off LON in 1933.
Leader of Spain who rose to power in the 1930's in Europe
Francisco Franco: another fascist dictator aided by Stalin and Hitler.
Non-aggression Pact
formed in 1939, Britain and France declare war on Germany after Hitler breaks his Munic Agreement.
Munic Agreement
"give a little to stop more from being taken" (by Britain and France)
Roosevelt formalized a policy initiated by Herbert Hoover by which the US repudiated the right to intervene militarily in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. Had mixed results.
Good Neighbor Policy